Nobunaga Oda

From Koei Tecmo Wiki

Nobunaga Oda (織田 信長) is one of the three unifiers of the Warring States period along with his former generals, Hideyoshi Toyotomi and Ieyasu Tokugawa. Until his untimely demise, Nobunaga is widely considered to have had controlled most of Japan as one of the strongest ruling powers of his time but is also known for his relentnessness and cruelty toward those who refused to cooperate or yield to his demands. He is 's husband, Oichi's older brother, and Nagamasa Azai's brother-in-law. His successor is his son, Nobutada, though he often does not live to continue his father's legacy.

In many of Kou Shibusawa's produced works, Nobunaga is often portrayed as a charismatic if flawed heroic figure rather than as a heartless dictator. He is the title character of the strategy series, Nobunaga's Ambition, and is the role model for Hideyoshi in Taiko Risshiden. He also appears as a bonus character in Dynasty Warriors using his visual look from the Nobunaga's Ambition series. To honor Nobunaga's Ambition leading to the company's recognition as a video game company, Nobunaga's sprite portrait is imprinted onto one of the cement courts in Koei-Tecmo's Kanagawa building. If he is a viable voting candidate, he will be the number one popular character for the Nobunaga's Ambition popularity polls. He placed fifth in the Nobunaga no Yabou Taishi poll for most favorite father; fans voted him first for the best leader poll.

His Samurai Warriors portrayal is deemed as the equivalent to the Dynasty Warriors portrayal of Cao Cao. Nobunaga is seventeenth place in Gamecity's Sengoku Musou 3: Empires character popularity poll. In Koei-Tecmo's Facebook Sengoku Musou Chronicle 2nd poll, he tied for sixth place with three other characters. For the Samurai Warriors 4 poll, he placed thirty-five in the list.

Role in Games

"Your ambition rivals even my own."
~~Cao Cao; Warriors Orochi 2

Samurai Warriors

Nobunaga is an eccentric conqueror who believes he has the heavens on his side. Threatened in his home territory by the invading Yoshimoto, he lures his target to attack him. Leading an ambush during a fierce rainstorm, Nobunaga beats the odds and slays his stronger opponent at Okehazama. With this momentum, he leads a campaign to conquer the neighboring domains around his home. His greatest threat at present is the Honganji Rioters, who defy him at Ise-Nagashima. He tells his army to completely obliterate the peasants who raised their arms against him.

If any rebel escapes from the field, they will quickly head to Shingen and plead sympathy for their cause. Determined to counter Shingen's tactics at Nagashino, Nobunaga orders the troops to fire. The rifles cut through his own troops yet successfully rout the Takeda cavalry. After his army slays Shingen, Kenshin mobilizes his own forces to avenge his rival. The Uesugi lay siege to Gifu Castle and Nobunaga hurries north to defend his home. As Nobunaga deflects Kenshin's initial charge, he decides to hold Kagekatsu hostage to lure the commander back into the field. Mitsuhide, who does not condone the usage of cowardly tactics against the honorable Uesugi, retreats from the field. Mitsuhide betrays him after Kenshin's death. On the verge of unification, Nobunaga intercepts the Mitsuhide's troops at Yamazaki. He additionally faces the vengeful Yukimura and Magoichi. Depending on the player's actions, he may also have to defeat an empathetic Ranmaru, who may defect to join his former mentor. Using the fog that descends around the area, Nobunaga ambushes Mitsuhide and is victorious. The traitor tries to commit suicide yet Nobunaga saves and spares him. The conqueror, amused by Mitsuhide's valorous character, then passes on his mantle of leadership to him.

Should his original plan at Ise-Nagashima succeed, Nobunaga shows the rebels no mercy and eliminates them. Years later, Ieyasu requests reinforcements against the Takeda march so Nobunaga faces them at Nagashino. Proving the utter malice and heartless nature of machinery over ancient traditions, Nobunaga claims victory. However, Mitsuhide can't find himself to condone Nobunaga's radical and cruel methods. After Nobunaga has become one of the greatest powers in the land and scattered his generals, Mitsuhide betrays him at Honnoji. While delighted at the chance to finally face his end, Ranmaru pleads that he safely escape from the temple with his closest ladies, Nō and Oichi. His sister accompanies him; his wife, in her own show of love, defects and tries to kill him. He may escape the stage with Ranmaru and Oichi. Mitsuhide escapes his own defeat at Honnōji and joins with the other characters who are against his lord at Azuchi Castle. To recreate his home from scratch, Nobunaga lays siege to his own home and orders the castle to be burned down to the ground. He pursues his enemies as they escape into the castle, personally cutting them down one by one. After defeating Mitsuhide on the top floor, Nobunaga escapes and witnesses his burning home from afar. Paying his silent respects to Mitsuhide and Nō, he reasons that he alone should endure the burden of the souls lost to war.

His story in Samurai Warriors 2 abridges his battle at Okehazama and fast-forwards to his fight with the Takeda at Nagashino. He previously decimated their forces on his conquest for expansion and aims to use the battle to wipe them out. His confrontation with the Takeda infuriated the remaining lords and the Honganji rebels. Knowing that the rebels had powerful influence over the populace, he lead his troops to end them at Osaka Bay. To counter, the rebels called upon the Saika renegades and the Mōri to help their cause. Based on the land, the outnumbered Oda army continue to withstand the onslaught of angry generals and peasants against them. Once the ally navy arrives, the sudden bombardment of cannons on the rebels causes them to panic. Nobunaga orders their swift deaths and the west abides for a time. In response to his massacres, Kenshin leads his troops against him. Nobunaga sends Katsuie and Hideyoshi but both of his experienced retainers struggle against Kenshin at Tedorigawa. Nobunaga personally rides into the battle to rescue his men and slay the commander. Mitsuhide, who can no longer stomach killing innocent people, retreats from the field.

With the Uesugi weakened and Kenshin dead, Nobunaga decides to personally end Katsuyori to defend his eastern front. Together with his Tokugawa and Hōjō allies, they continuously rout Katsuyori. The Takeda leader flees to Masayuki's sanctum in Ueda Castle, who gathers the remaining Takeda and Uesugi to defy Nobunaga. With the excuse that Odawara Castle is under attack, Ujimasa takes his quick leave and lets Kotarō loose in the field. Kotarō hides the elder commander's location, but Nobunaga strikes the shinobi down and slays both Masayuki and Katsuyori. Told by the shinobi a premonition of his death in flames, he is excited to face his reckoning when Mitsuhide rides against him at Honnōji. Rather than flee, Nobunaga calls for a stronger defense and gambles their ambitions on the outcome of the battle. In their decisive duel, Mitsuhide restrains his sword during their last clash and, after sharing his sincere admiration for his lord, meets his own end from Nobunaga's blow. Nobunaga, moved by his vassal's final words, respectfully carries his opponent's body away from the temple's flames.

In his dream stage, Mitsuhide's betrayal confuses the other lords. To stake their right for leadership, many of the renegades unite under Ieyasu at Komaki-Nagakute. Aside from the Tokugawa army, he simultaneously faces Yukimura, Kanetsugu, Keiji, Yoshihiro, and Masamune. Nobunaga, now wanting to honor Mitsuhide's memory, tells Hideyoshi to spread his order to avoid killing the enemy officers. During the struggle, the remaining Akechi officers arrive to assist Nobunaga on the behalf of their departed master. Capturing Ieyasu alive, he spares him to avoid another regretful death and asks that Ieyasu continue ruling Mikawa for him.

In Samurai Warriors: Katana, Nobunaga is prominently featured in the Ascendancy chapter which details pivotal moments of his career through the eyes of the protagonist. His military successes and miraculous survival at Honnōji is made possible by the player who he comes to trust. After subjugating the remaining warlords in Sekigahara, he consolidates the land under his rule and thanks his vassals for their support. The climax of the Unification scenario has him appear before the protagonist as a ghost. After cryptically reciting his famous Atsumori verse, he tests the young man's resolve through combat and loses. Impressed by the player's might, he imparts sage advice to his opponent before returning to the afterlife.

Samurai Warriors 3 has Nobunaga start his story after he unifies Owari. Surrounded on two sides by the Imagawa and Tokugawa armies, Nobunaga leads his army to defy obliteration at Okehazama. Yoshimoto's death assures him that his time among the living can continue. He reveals his ambition to rule the land with military might to the surrendering Ieyasu, offering the cowering general to follow him if he is prepared. With Ieyasu's help, he subjugates Mino with little effort. When Oichi marries Nagamasa, the Azai and Oda form a mutual alliance. However, when Nobunaga soon attacks Nagamasa's family ally, Yoshikage, Nagamasa rides to Yoshikage's rescue and fights the Oda army. Once again facing the prospect of his death, Nobunaga orders a retreat at Kanegasaki and fights his brother-in-law and sister. Regrouping his forces after his escape, he ends both the Azai-Asakura armies at Anegawa. Meanwhile, Shingen establishes his alliances in the east and heads towards the capital. However, he is reported to have died due to illness and his son leads the troops into Mikawa. Ieyasu pleads assistance and Nobunaga helps him with his army of gunners.

Before the battle at Nagashino, he admits to Mitsuhide his desire to reform people with his unprecedented conquests. He suppresses the entire Takeda clan by defeating the-actually-alive Shingen in battle. Spurring rebellions with his actions, Magoichi and Motonari join forces to face Nobunaga at Kizugawa. Slaughtering the Saika and defeating Motonari, Nobunaga retires to Azuchi Castle after separating his forces across the land. Mitsuhide, who has doubted his lord's brutality at Kizugawa, leads soldiers against him as Nobunaga relocates to Honnōji. Once again escaping from the burning temple, Nobunaga defeats several pursuers to cut his path towards Mitsuhide. Routing Motochika while his wife and other ally officers die, Nobunaga enjoys his duel with his opponent to power and disarms his vassal. Sparing his angered retainer, Nobunaga states his pleasure with Mitsuhide's blatant desire for change and doesn't want to see it end. Aware and looking forward to Hideyoshi and Ieyasu's ambitions, he dubs the awestruck Mitsuhide his friend and leaves.

Nobunaga appears as an ambitious conqueror in Samurai Warriors Chronicles. Nobunaga enters the story in chapter one at the famous battle of Okehazama, where he leads his few thousand men to defeat the massively larger Imagawa forces. Despite such odds, Nobunaga remains calm, telling the Protagonist the power of desire and the acceptance of fate allow for any level of success desired. After Yoshimoto's defeat, Oda leaves the scene until the battle of Mt. Inaba Castle, where the Protagonist and Hanbei repel the Oda invasion of Mino on Tatsuoki Saitō's behest. Once driven off, Hideyoshi manages to convince both of the army leaders to join Nobunaga's army, leading into the second chapter of the game. In this chapter, the protagonist accompanies him and his army as they strive to defeat the Azai-Asakura alliance, repel the Takeda (twice), the Uesugi, and destroy the Ikko rebels with their Mōri support. His final chapter takes place at Honnōji, where Nobunaga is slain by his retainer Mitsuhide Akechi.

Despite being given his own story route in Sengoku Musou 3: Empires, Nobunaga is a peripheral character throughout every chapter. His display of contempt towards Nobuhide's altar serves to contrast the emotional Toshiie and the stoic Ranmaru from one another based on their reactions to said event. He also offends Yoshiaki with his dismissive attitude to the point where the latter plots against him. In Shingen's story, he is incited by a scheming Nobutora to attack the Takeda with rifles only to be bested by their superior tactics. Nobunaga quickly deems Nobutora's vengeance against Shingen as unnecessary to his cause and throws him out for it.

In the fourth game, his role is reprised closely to previous installments. His rise to power begins at Okehazama, where his numerically inferior troops decimate the Imagawa troops. Despite killing Yoshimoto, Ieyasu manages to rally the remnants into a retreat, forcing the Oda to destroy their enemies before they can escape and regroup. When he is finally defeated, Nobunaga chooses to simply pardon the defeated lord, opting to ally together instead. Following his victory, he wed his sister to Nagamasa Azai in order to better facilitate the newly obtained power after capturing the shogun's brother, Yoshiaki Ashikaga, as well as to get a better position to reach the capital. Shortly after, he attacked Mino, Hisahide and other ant-Oda forces clash with the Oda at Mt. Inaba.

Through Hideyoshi's wiles, and building of a castle on such short notice, the enemy forces' morale plummeted, leading to the defection and surrender of many. During the battle, he asks his wife if she is saddened with the destruction of the Saito, to which she responds coldly that they needed to be destroyed due to their refusal to change. Hisahide soon appears, having captured Yoshiaki, and begins challenging Nobunaga. In the end, Hisahide is captured, stubbornly refusing to serve Nobunaga. The Oda lord chooses to spare Hisahide instead, and "robbing" him of his future.

Together with his allies and generals, he celebrates his march by planting cherry trees at Honnōji, with Hideyoshi spreading the hopes that after a decade, they may all meet once again to the very site of their unity. Arriving at Kyoto, and exiling those that had earlier opposed him, Nobunaga immediately declares Yoshiaki as the shogun, and establishes residence within Kyoto. During his time in Kyoto, however, many of the anti-Oda forces who were supposedly exiled, returned, and attacked Rokujō during Nobunaga's absence, under secret provocation from Hisahide. Additionally, the Saika, who was previously allied themselves with the Oda, were now hired to assist in the siege. Arriving later in the battle, he assists in finally securing Kyoto, and allowing Yoshiaki to step forth as shogun.

Later at Kanegasaki, he is unexpectedly betrayed by Nagamasa for attacking the Asakura. He soon approaches Hisahide, enjoying the dire situation, and gives him the order to secure the escape route, much to his dismay. After successfully retreating, he immediately calls for Hisahide, confirming that he was indeed the cause for Nagamasa's uprising. Rather than slay him, Nobunaga instead chooses to once again forgive Hisahide.

With Nagamasa's betrayal, Nobunaga is forced to flee once again, but is now surrounded by not only the Azai-Asakura army, but also members of the Anti-Oda forces he defeated, led by Koshosho, the Saika mercenaries, and even Shingen Takeda were all in hot pursuit. Prior to the next battle, Mitsuhide offers to speak and negotiate with Nagamasa, claiming that there has to be a misunderstanding, but is refused by Nobunaga who states that Nagamasa must commit himself to the act instead. Meeting the enemy at Noda-Fukushima, he continues mercilessly cutting down the terrified, spreading fear further within the enemy ranks. He furthers this by not only slaughtering those that defected during the battle, but also setting fire to Fukushima castle, knowing fully well the presence of peasants still within the area, frightening even his own allies. Slaying Nagamasa at the end of the battle, with many of his generals questioning the brutality shown.

Shortly after destroying the Anti-Oda forces, Nobunaga immediately moved out to destroy the vulnerable Takeda shortly after Shingen's sudden death. With Katsuyori attacking Nagashino, Nobunaga immediately prepared his rifles, thus recreating a cruel manner of defeating his enemies. Personally overseeing the destruction of the famed cavalry, he asks his generals who are the most deserving of praise. When they do not reply, he replies that the most deserving ones are Katsuie, Hideyoshi and Ieyasu.

Seeing the defiant, yet futile struggle of the Takeda, Hisahide once again rebels against Nobunaga, leading to the conquest at Kishu. Unable to accept Nobunaga's forgiveness once more, Hisahide commits suicide within his own castle by igniting gunpowder-filled teapots. With his victory secure, Nobunaga decides to stop by Honnōji, admiring the cherry tree that he, Nagamasa and Hisahide planted, and questioning if he will be the next person who will be unable to enjoy the sight, with Ranmaru reporting of Mitsuhide's betrayal. With his successor, subordinates, and wife dead, Nobunaga fights Mitsuhide one final time at the burning temple, beside the cherry tree. Disarmed, and defeated, Mitsuhide replies that when he killed Ranmaru, he began to realize that he no longer wanted to surpass his lord. Nobunaga, however, replies that if Mitsuhide betrayed his lord, he must commit to the act of rebellion. Shortly after this, he walks deeper within the burning temple, hearing Mitsuhide's cries for the final time.

The 4-II Sparks of Rebellion story has Nobunaga continue to bully and toy with Hisahide for his amusement. He isn't surprised to see the rebel survive Shigesan Castle and welcomes the rebellion at Honnōji. Nobunaga forgives Hisahide again as he dies, denying him his final chance to hear his disapproval.

Nobunaga stars in the seventh downloadable scenario. For some inexplicable reason Nobunaga, Hisahide, and Mitsuhide have all survived their historical deaths and have gone into hiding. When tensions rise for Shizugatake, Nobunaga announces his revival to the public and challenges his doubters to face him at the rebuilt Honnōji. He subjugates his former retainers to renew their loyalty to him and unify the divided Oda forces.

Samurai Warriors Chronicles 3, pits him a central point for a wide variety of the what-if scenarios. If Yoshimoto or Shingen rises to power, Nobunaga will resist them at Okehazama and Mikatagahara respectively and will be slain in both encounters. If Nagamasa defeats him at Anegawa, he becomes the vassal to his brother-in-law's dream but is slain by Hisahide's forces while defending Nagamasa. Nobunaga's death has a profound effect on Nagamasa, as he becomes colder and more distant to enemies and allies as a result.

If Hideyoshi is successfully able to send Kanbei to Honnōji to rescue him, Nobunaga, Nō, and Ranmaru all fake their deaths with Kanbei's help, living normal lives as peasants, and content to see Hideyoshi and other vassals rise up. When Hideyoshi forces his nephew to commit suicide and executes a large number of his vassals, including Kanbei, Munenori, and Magoichi implore Nobunaga to rise to power once more. Rising to the challenge, Nobunaga destroys Ōsaka Castle and captures Hideyoshi. Having changed to become a heartless man trying to rule the land, Nobunaga has Hideyoshi executed. Because of Hideyoshi's death, tensions flare between the Tokugawa and the Oda, potentially leading to another war.

If the player reaches Kanbei during the purge of Hidetsugu's retainers, he will fake his death and join Hideyoshi at Ōsaka Castle. When Hideyoshi is brought forward beside Kanbei, he refuses to allow his subordinate to die for him, reverting back to the man he once was. Content, Nobunaga unties both of them.

Spirit of Sanada has Nobunaga briefly appear during Katsuyori's reign, acting as the Tokugawa's ally and was leading the reinforcements heading for Nagashino. Following the deaths of several key Takeda generals at Shitaragahara, Nobunaga and Ieyasu would eventually annex the Takeda domain into their territory. Following Katsuyori's death, Masayuki formally surrendered to Nobunaga with Ieyasu acting as a witness. Shortly after, Nobunaga would be killed by Mitsuhide at Honnōji.

Nobunaga's rise to power is briefly shown in the side stages, showing his conflict against Nagamasa and the anti-Nobunaga Coalition, and cleaning up its remnants after Hisahide's desertion.

The young Nobunaga in the fifth game acts as the lord of Owari and the primary obstacle to Yoshimoto's march to the capital. To resist the Imagawa, Nobunaga raids their territory for their new hostage, Ieyasu Tokugawa, and to secure his support. After persuading Ieyasu, he then attacks Dōsan at Mino as a show of strength to those questioning his rule in Owari. During the battle, he has his first encounter with Mitsuhide Akechi, and a thoroughly impressed Dōsan weds his daughter, Nō, to Nobunaga.

Believing he now had the necessary allies, Nobunaga tries to take the fight to Yoshimoto at Muraki but suffers a humiliating defeat as Ieyasu is recaptured and forced to switch sides. Nō later receives orders to assassinate her spouse, but Nobunaga stops her and takes no further action as it would harm their alliance as well as seeing this as a test from her father. True to his expectations, Dōsan declares Nobunaga his successor, but Yoshitatsu launches a rebellion at Nagaragawa, killing his father and annulling their alliance with the Oda. Before returning home, he makes a pact with Mitsuhide that they both escape the chaos alive.

Due to the recent failures the discontent factions rise up again and join Nobuyuki in standing against Nobunaga. Though Nobunaga quashes the rebellion, Nobuyuki reveals that his hand had been forced as these factions would've likely deserted them for the Imagawa unless direct action was done. To complete the task, however, Nobuyuki chooses to kill himself and his daughter to silence any doubters to his brother's claim, and Nobunaga promises to end the chaos that his brother sacrificed himself for. Following Nobuyuki's will, Nobunaga orders Toshiie to dispose of his niece, but Toshiie refuses and leaves the Oda army briefly but later rejoins his lord at Okehazama.

Yoshimoto soon crosses Oda territory, and Nobunaga, against all odds, stands victorious against the warlord. Hearing Yoshimoto's grand plans for the land and its representation in the sword, Samonji, Nobunaga takes his foe's blade and swears to inherit his ambition. After Yoshimoto's death, Ieyasu chooses to ally with the Oda once more to guard their eastern flank. Nobunaga then returns to Mino to siege Yoshitatsu, claim the province, and free his spouse of her inner demons. Thanks to Hideyoshi's newly-built Sunomata Castle, Nobunaga slays Yoshitatsu at Inabayama and recruits the capable Hanbei Takenaka to their ranks.

Choosing to expand north, Nobunaga wishes to form an alliance with the Azai of northern Ōmi. When they give a late response, he decides to personally visit Nagamasa as a show of force. A skirmish breaks out involving the Asakura, and Nobunaga meets Mitsuhide for the second time. Eventually, Nobunaga convinces Nagamasa of his dream of unification and peace, and Nagamasa promises to aid so long as the Oda not harm the Asakura clan.

Mitsuhide then takes his forces to Nobunaga and introduces him to Fujihide Mitsubuchi, Yoshiaki Ashikaga's chief retainer, who was looking for help to establish his lord as shōgun following Yoshiteru's death. Nobunaga agrees and is the leader of the army sent to eliminate the Miyoshi triumvirate and Rokkaku clan that killed Yoshiteru. With help from Hisahide Matsunaga, the groups are eliminated, but a Kōga ninja named Mitsuki joins their forces and refers to him as "father". Nobunaga later calls in Toshiie, and he confirms that he left Nobuyuki's daughter to the Kōga.

With the capital secure, Nobunaga sends a letter to Yoshikage Asakura asking for him to visit the capital and swear allegiance to their cause. Yoshikage responds to ignoring it and citing it as an abuse of the shōgun's power. Nobunaga marches against the Asakura at Kanegasaki, but his confidence that Nagamasa would remain with him is shattered as the Azai attack the Oda forces from the rear. During the escape, Nō is gunned down by a sniper. The mortified Nobunaga swears to put his unification on hold to first destroy the Azai-Asakura alliance and all their allies before killing his heart and dedicating himself solely to the conquest of the land.

He first makes a statement at Anegawa where he and Ieyasu crush Nagamasa and Yoshikage. Upon hearing that the monks of Mt. Hiei had provided aid, Nobunaga chooses to make the taboo of razing their mountain temple to the ground; slaughtering several civilians that were attempting to escape alongside the Saika mercenaries in the area. He soon learns that the mercenaries responsible for his wife's death were hired by the shōgunate and sieges Yoshiaki and Fujihide at Makishima and forcing the latter to commit suicide.

Nobunaga would complete his quest for vengeance by killing Yoshikage and destroying the Asakura at Ichijōdani before killing Nagamasa at Odani. In Nagamasa's dying breath, he curses his brother-in-law for giving up on his dream of hope and promises that whatever "peace" the Oda establishes will only be a hell with no escape. Having dealt with his rivals, Nobunaga and Mitsuhide promise to stand side-by-side for the coming conflicts of unification.

The older pair are soon called to aid Ieyasu at Nagashino, where they destroy the Takeda Cavalry and learn that its famed leader, Shingen, was already long dead. Due to his lingering personal ambitions, Hisahide rebels at Shigisan, and its suppression leave doubts within the Oda army over who will betray them next. During the conflict against the Mōri at Harima, Nobunaga orders general retreat and essentially abandons Shikanosuke Yamanaka and the Amago clan to their fates. This decision enrages Mitsuki into leaving the Oda while Mitsuhide, having grown increasingly conflicted at his retainer's demise, is dismissed from Nobunaga's side.

Unfazed, Nobunaga returns east with the newly-recruited Yasuke at his side as he and Ieyasu plan the downfall of the Takeda. To hurt Katsuyori's image, Nobunaga targets Motonobu Okabe at Takatenjin Castle and explains to his new retainer that Motonobu was a persistent enemy of a past long gone. After killing Motonobu, things go as planned as Katsuyori's reputation plummets for his inability to save his long-standing subordinate. At Mt. Tenmoku, several key Takeda retainers desert their lord to join the Oda-Tokugawa army, and Katsuyori is killed. Nobunaga then remarks to Yasuke that destroying the Takeda and the Mōri alone would not end the chaos, but the death of Nobunaga himself would.

While resting at Honnōji, Mitsuki returns back to Nobunaga as, to his hopes, Mitsuhide rebels against him. After warding off the intruding forces of Sandayū Momochi, Nobunaga and Mitsuhide have their fateful duel, where Nobunaga is finally bested. Accepting his fate and the will of his right-hand man, Nobunaga chooses to perish within Honnōji.

In the hypothetical scenario, the deaths of Nō and several other characters are averted, and the attack at Honnōji is instead led by Yoshimoto Imagawa, Shingen Takeda and Kenshin Uesugi. Believing something amiss as the three had no business in the area and the former two dead, Nobunaga moves to stop the attack. Thanks to reinforcements from Hisahide and Mitsuhide, Nobunaga learns that the true culprit was none other than Sandayū, who used his illusions to stand against them.

After Sandayū's defeat, the group move to Yamazaki, where Hideyoshi is pinned down by the Mōri and the shōgunate forces. What's more, Nobunaga's own presence causes the Saika and Sandayū to arrive in their attempt to kill Nobunaga, and Hisahide chooses to defect to stake his own claim. Ultimately, Nobunaga prevails and is finally able to slay all his enemies for a land filled with peace and hope.

Warriors Orochi

During Orochi's story, Nobunaga acts as the "last hope for humanity" to defy Orochi's forces, leading the largest army to face against Orochi. The two battle at Mikatagahara, where Nobunaga eventually has to retreat.

In Warriors Orochi, Nobunaga is seen as a fearsome neutral party. In reality, he is gathering various warriors to join his resistance against Orochi. He acts as the figurehead for the Samurai force and is seen as a heroic mastermind. Throughout the story, Nobunaga predicts the future, such as Cao Pi and Sun Ce eventually betraying Orochi. He is one of the four characters to lead a major resistance force and temporarily join forces with his rivals, Shingen and Kenshin. After Orochi's defeat, the three warlords separate.

Nobunaga is absent for the first half of the sequel. In the Samurai storyline, Sakon seeks an audience with him at at Hu Lao Gate in a bid to convince him to join the anti-Orochi alliance. In the middle of the battle, Nobunaga appears with the majority of his army and helps Sakon defeat Kiyomori. After the battle, Nobunaga and Kenshin joined forces to defeat Kiyomori in Bai Di Castle. In the Wei storyline, Nobunaga and an elite group of officers help Xiahou Dun rout Kiyomori at Tong Gate. He stays to build a friendship with Cao Cao. Nobunaga shares his dream stage with the other unifiers of Japan and wage a contest with the rulers of the Three Kingdoms.

Leading his army in Warriors Orochi 3, Nobunaga fought against Cao Cao for dominance in the original timeline. When Hydra awakened, he and his forces were bitterly decimated and scattered. Nobunaga's whereabouts after his defeat are not known. The Coalition from the future travel to Da Ji's past and have to face his forces since Nobunaga wants them to prove their worth to him in battle. Nobunaga remains stationed at Honnōji and is eventually impressed by their might to join them. He later leads the Oda forces to defend Ōsaka Castle. He stars with his wife in the downloadable scenario "Every Snake Has Its Day". They help Diamondback in his rebellion against Kiyomori.

In Ultimate, the Shu forces attack Nobunaga at Honnōji due to rumors of his alliance with Da Ji. He is defeated and spared by Jiang Wei who then surmises that they were deceived. Deducing Da Ji's role in the incident, Nobunaga moves to capture her. Due to Da Ji's antics with a Nobunaga clone, Nobunaga and company are forced to defend themselves against the Wei army at Nanjun. Upon being trapped in the Mirror Realm, the Oda forces would be attacked by the Realm's Wu army at Yamazaki, though they are rescued by the real Sun Jian. Grateful at for the rescue, Nobunaga aids the other heroes that have been trapped in order to reach the exit of the realm.

Nobunaga was among the first to arrive in the new world in Warriors Orochi 4, and he is immediately approached by Nezha, who has a serpent-like bracelet that responds to him. Gifting the bracelet to the daimyo, Nobunaga is given the task to forge a Coalition with the other humans dragged into the new world, as well as to rally others to become strong enough to oppose him by Nuwa.

After he is defeated by Liu Bei's rebel army, his true intentions are revealed by the mystic, and she, and the Oda army, join together with Liu Bei's army. He later assists the Coalition in fighting the Olympians that attempt to retrieve Perseus at Xu Province, personally engaging the Toyotomi army. He also opposes Ares at Luoyang, along with Orochi at the Olympus.

In Ultimate, Nobunaga is among the warlords called by Gaia for a farewell battle against the Gods before the humans return to their own worlds.

Pokémon Conquest

Nobunaga retains his personality in the Warriors franchises, but his cruelty and abstract nature are significantly toned down to fit the target audience for Pokémon Conquest. During his youth, he was a gregarious and optimistic person who loved Pokémon and his freedom. However, he soon realized that people would always fight among themselves in their greed for the legendary Pokémon. These wars would make people lose sight of their Pokémon's companionship and lead them to regard their friends as mindless tools. To prevent such a future and to unify the divided countries in Ransei, he becomes stern and distant. Nobunaga desires to destroy the common perception of the legendary Pokémon by toppling it with his own power. By doing so, he believes the land can truly be at peace. Nobunaga summarizes his ambition as one that will "destroy Ransei", which alienates him from his sister.

By the time the protagonist obtains four castles in his/her possession, Nobunaga has defeated five other castles and over half of Ransei is in his leadership. He accepts various proposals from the defeated countries for their servitude. He visits the protagonist personally once he/she gains Shingen and Kenshin's trust, haughtily challenging the youth to surpass him. When the protagonist beats his Zekrom at his home castle, Nobunaga forfeits his castle to him/her and disappears. Nobunaga watches from afar as the protagonist meets the legendary Pokémon atop Infinity Tower within his domain. After the protagonist forms a Link with it, Nobunaga and his five closest supporters challenge him/her. He faces the main party with his personal black Rayquaza to see which leader is truly superior.

When he loses the climatic battle, he explains to Oichi his wish for Ransei. His genuine desire moves the legendary Pokémon to respectfully depart from Ransei and leave it in the protagonist and Nobunaga's care. With the legendary Pokémon gone, the Bushou Leaders reach an understanding and agree to keep the land peaceful. With his ambition seemingly fulfilled, Nobunaga mysteriously keeps watch atop Infinity Tower.


The protagonist frees Nobunaga's soul in Toukiden: The Age of Demons after they defeat Cimmerian King, the last giant demon of the main story. He/She has prevented the demons' attempts to conjure a destructive vortex, yet demons still lurk within Nakatsu Kuni. Nobunaga and the other souls within the protagonist swear to keep fighting by the hero/heroine's side to protect humanity. They imply they will continue to do so until the land is completely safe.


Nobunaga briefly appears in the first Kessen as an aspiration in the sky. Moments before Ieyasu departs for Sekigahara, Nobunaga wishes for his dream to live on with Ieyasu. His message to Ieyasu continues to inspire him throughout his campaigns.

In Kessen III, the roles are switched and Nobunaga is the main protagonist. He is very close to his wife, Kicho, and is well liked by his generals. Unlike his Samurai Warriors counterpart, he is symbolized in some way by a hawk. He judges people based on their capabilities over status and is fascinated by European travelers. He is a witty and charismatic leader who shares happy relations with his allies. He tries to avoid war if possible but is usually forced to fight due to his persistent enemies.

As far back as he can remember, Nobunaga has an ongoing dream of his death in a fiery room. He sees two blurred figures in it and believes that they will probably shape his fate. He confides this dream to Kicho, who believes that it maybe a premonition. At Honnoji, his life is saved by Kicho's metal hair clip, a memento she left behind for him and kept close to his chest. With all of his enemies joining Mitsuhide, he leads a resistance to destroy his rival and save the land from any further warfare. In the extra ending for the game, he eventually travels overseas and makes peace with Spain. He also allows an overseas village to be built and expresses wishes for all of Japan to learn about Christianity and European history.


Prior to the events of Nioh, Nobunaga went across the country hoping to unite it to put an end to the constant warfare plaguing it. Along the way he saved Yasuke from slavery and even made him a samurai. When it seemed his goal was at hand, Nobunaga began to take interest in the substance known as Amrita and thought about going overseas. However, he perished at Honnoji by his own vassal Akechi Mitsuhide who feared Nobunaga had become too ambitious. Yasuke managed to escape with his body and then vanished. In spite of Nobunaga being dead for nearly twenty years by the time William arrives in Japan Nobunaga's reputation and name still cast a long shadow on the country, people hesitating to step into Honnoji or Mt. Hiei for fear of inciting his curse on them.

Edward Kelley schemes to resurrect Nobunaga for the sake of creating more wars and consequently more Amrita for his country. Near the end of the game, Kelley succeeds, and Nobunaga returns. Nobunaga duels and overpowers William but stops before the killing blow, refusing to follow Kelley's orders. Despite finding the idea of a rebirth tempting, he feels that Hideyoshi and Ieyasu carry on his dreams and ambitions and that there shouldn't be anything that lasts forever. Satisfied that he has lived a life without regrets he dies a second death and bequeaths his Guardian Spirit to William.

His armor set is the Demon King's set which grants the National Unity set bonus and his weapon is the Sozasa Monji katana. His Guardian Spirit is the Tengen Kujaku, a brilliantly colored peacock that can switch between all five elements which can allow for liberal usage of the Discord status effect. Nobunaga can also be fought in the side missions A Meeting on the Other Shore and Return of the Gourd alongside his wife Nohime and his bodyguard Yasuke respectively.

Nobunaga's Ambition

The titular character of the series, Nobunaga is often one of the daimyo with the best all-rounded stats within the games. Depending on the year players choose to play as him, he will be stationed within Azuchi Castle, Gifu Castle, or somewhere within the Owari Province. Throughout the series, he excels with firearms but also has a high proficiency with foot soldiers or spearmen. He often has a uniquely named skill set aside for him that increases his troops strength or attack. Several events from what is historically known or fabled to be known about him are reenacted in the games, including his invention of the "Tenka Fubu" seal or his burning of Mount Hiei. His death at Honnoji is one of the consistent historical events to receive a cinematic sequence. When he dies at Honnōji in the newest title, his death poem is actually his famous rendition of Atsumori.

Within the online adaption, Nobunaga rules as a level 70 daimyo at Azuchi Castle. Similar to his Kessen counterpart, he is a jocular leader who wants to see the wars end. Knowing that he needs power to create lasting peace, he invites others to follow his vision. Caring only for his vassals, he doesn't care about what others call him or say of him. Nobunaga specifically quotes they can call him the "Sixth Heaven Demon King" -simply put, to invite only desire and pleasure to the suffering masses, a taboo gesture in Buddhism- and he won't blink an eye. The nickname is also the namesake for his unique ability, "Sixth Heaven Demon King's Light". When he uses it, it stuns all enemies standing against him and fully restores his own morale. Since it takes at least thirty seconds to recover from stun and Nobunaga uses the ability often, it is considered a game breaking ability by players.

Tendou offers an original scenario called Hotogisu no Yukue that takes place in January 1590. Hideyoshi and Ieyasu have cut ties with Nobunaga in their desires to take the land, pitting the three unifiers against one another. Eying his former comrades as his two true rivals, Nobunaga remarks they are undoubtedly strong but lack the qualities for unification. Therefore, he sets out with his remaining trusted vassals, whom include Katsuie, Nagahide, and Masahide Hirate, to wage war on them. Even without Hideyoshi and Ieyasu's help, Nobunaga gains the trust of the people living within his territory by defeating troublemakers in the streets and successfully dispatches other coalitions raised against him. Once his forces take the capital, he confides his plans of "Tenka Fubu" to Ranmaru, even if his page doesn't completely understand the concept.

If he defeats Ieyasu or Hideyoshi, both daimyo remark they can't win against Nobunaga. As a reply, Nobunaga bluntly states that their realization is an obvious one. For Ieyasu, Nobunaga invites his friend to dine with him inside his castle as a guest. He tells "Takechiyo" that he wishes they were never enemies and praises the strength of Ieyasu's forces. Nobunaga states that the Tokugawa forces are what is truly needed to unite the land and asks Ieyasu to join him again. Although his friend is surprised by Nobunaga's honesty, Ieyasu agrees. For Hideyoshi, Nobunaga invites his former retainer on a horse ride to the country. Quickly deducting the "monkey"'s desire for the land, he then asks if Hideyoshi desires to continue serving under him. As Hideyoshi happily agrees, he curtly orders his enthusiastic retainer to put himself to good use and get the troops ready the next battle.

When Nobunaga unites the land in this scenario, he remarks his path to conquest is just beginning. Nobunaga desires to conquer the entire world for a true land of peace. He hopes to make his homeland a strong one for the following wars to come.

Before the time distortions occur in Nobunaga no Yabou 201X, Nobunaga and his men sought an audience with the shogun in the capital. He is fully aware of the UMA threat by the start of the narrative and is somehow an expert shot with a Barrett M82 A1. He has an agreement with Hatsuna to subjugate any UMA in their way; in exchange, she must guide his troops to any supernatural portals she senses. Nobunaga's forces wander Japan and occasionally crosses paths with the Special Liberation Organization. His main goal is to resume his march towards the capital, this time with the intents of penetrating through the ghastly barrier surrounding the presumed UMA leader.

His actions imply that he is aware of recorded modern history of the Warring States period. With this knowledge, he makes an effort to defy it by ending conflicts between opposing forces as quickly as possible. The UMA threat permits him the chance for unification with little bloodshed. His retainers are aware of his change of heart, remarking that he is like a completely different person.

Since the Oda and Imagawa have ironclad defenses in this universe, the UMA distort space-time to conjure the feuding Sengoku Royale Nobunaga and Yoshimoto; the UMA plan to brainwash their troops to serve them and sacrifice their leaders' souls to their master lurking in the underworld. Sengoku Royale Nobunaga is forced to call a retreat when his troops falter against the UMA but pushes against the odds to rescue his concubine, Kitsuno. When the UMA impostor threatens Kitsuno, Nobunaga no Yabou Nobunaga snipes it for daring to disgrace his name. The two Nobunagas share brief words with one another before the sniper departs, regarding their parallel existence with mild amusement.

Inindo: Way of the Ninja

Nobunaga serves as the main antagonist in Inindo: Way of the Ninja. He is in the midst of ordering the complete subjugation of Iga when Mitsuhide betrays him at Honnoji. Depending on the scenario, Nobunaga will look completely unscathed or will be covered in bandages due to his escape. He lives in either version and continues his conquests across Japan.

In the first story path, Nobunaga had actually perished in the burning temple. He is reborn into the living plane as a demon who desires retribution for the betrayal. After avenging his loss, Nobunaga becomes aware of his supernatural state and believes he has transcended godhood. He is overtly confident of his newfound strength and even taunts the protagonist to join him.

The other path has Nobunaga instead lose faith in humanity due to the shock of Mitsuhide's treachery. Too embittered to trust the words of his own vassals, he instead lends an ear to a foreign sorcerer named Nicolai. Nicolai offers to conjure demons to conquer the land, which a disillusioned Nobunaga accepts. He figures his methods shouldn't matter if he couldn't believe in his fellow man.

When he is fatally wounded by the protagonist, Nobunaga praises the young ninja. After telling the youth his story, Nobunaga admits his goals for either scenario made him lose sight of his real self and were trivial (he is impressed by the hero's resolve to fight in the name of his loved ones in the secondary scenario). Before he dies, he thanks the hero for granting him a fraction of his humanity. Having no regrets about his fate, Nobunaga perishes and burns within Azuchi Castle.

Tokimeki Restaurant☆☆☆

During the Ikemen Sengoku collaboration campaign, a gourmand who identifies himself as Nobunaga will appear in one of the time-limited challenge quests. Players must immediately satisfy his craving for high-quality sweets in order to win.

Geten no Hana

Background Story

Geten no Hana portrays Nobunaga as Nobuhide Oda's eldest son and Nobuyuki's lone older brother. He was pressured since his birth to be Nobuhide's rightful successor. Yet Nobunaga was a rebellious youth who was appalled by his stringent teachings. He preferred to dress in outrageous clothing and spend his time teasing his younger brother. In due time, he was shunned for his remorseful disrespect for responsibility and called the "Fool of Owari". His refusal to follow predicted trends and expectations, however, led to his childhood friendship with Toshiie and Ieyasu.

Masahide Hirate, a retainer of his father's, was his nagging caretaker who tried his best to discipline him. The elderly man's scoldings and lecturing had no effect on Nobunaga, but the young lord still enjoyed his company. Six years before the main story, Nobuhide died and Nobunaga was named his heir. As per his usual behavior, the young lord didn't care for decorum at his father's funeral and roughly threw the ceremonial ashes as though it were dirt. He was unaware of the animosity his actions caused with the Oda retainers and the true weight of his new position. To awaken Nobunaga to the truth, Masahide committed honorable suicide.

Nobunaga was shocked yet perceptive enough to realize the message. Taking his responsibilities seriously, the experience taught him to value life and to respect the fallen. He learned to carefully plan his actions to avoid meaningless slaughter, even in his conquests of the land. Assuming his responsibilities post haste, Nobunaga's bold change of character quelled the displeasure with his father's retainers. When they turned on his younger brother, Nobunaga intervened on his behalf to protect him. Nobuyuki was able to survive thanks to his mercy.

As he swiftly pacified the neighboring lords, Nobunaga befriended foreign missionaries and became fascinated with their beliefs. Once he learned that Japan was a mere speck in the world, Nobunaga was amazed by how small their disputes seemed in comparison. He dreams of someday unifying his home country and granting it an entertaining age of peace completely free from military authority, a simple pleasure he feels it long deserves. Nobunaga aspires to someday sail overseas once he feels Japan is safe to fend for itself.

By the time the main story takes place, he has conquered most of the main island. He stations himself within Azuchi Castle as a rare break from his duties and to leisurely oversee the activities of his forces.

Story Events

Nobunaga is first introduced to Hotaru under her disguise as Kikyō. She trips over his napping figure within the castle grounds and, through her sheer nervousness at meeting him, is the first to immediately be suspicious of her. Despite his first impressions, Nobunaga welcomes her warmly into his domain. While he is fully aware that there are spies within the castle aiming to take his life, Nobunaga spends the majority of his time relaxing with the townsfolk or entertaining himself with tea or a recreational activity with his retainers when he isn't busy overseeing his duties.

A week after Hotaru's arrival, Nobunaga and company invite her to Ieyasu's manor for a tea ceremony. The tea tasting ends at nightfall and the members go their separate ways to retire for the night. Hotaru is ordered by Mitsuhide to retrieve his fan he had forgotten at Ieyasu's manor. On the way, she spots a masked figure aiming a blow dart towards Nobunaga. Protecting the young lord is a part of her mission so she throws a kunai vaguely towards Nobunaga's direction as a warning. The masked figure escapes with a smoke bomb and, before Hotaru can escape, Nobunaga apprehends her. She uses the smoke's cover to transform back into Kikyō and answers that she forgot something at Ieyasu's manor. Though he is leery of the princess being by herself, he buys her story and has Ranmaru escort her back to the Akechi manor. Nobunaga inspects the vicinity and quickly deduces that there are more than two spies targeting him, updating the guards with the news the following morning.

Approximately a week later, Nobunaga calls for an urgent conference with his brother and fellow retainers. He tells them that the Emperor has conceded to give him one of the following titles: Chancellor of the Realm, Shogun, or Chief Advisor. Nobunaga cuts off their congratulations by stating his intentions to refuse, determined to decide his own title for himself with no ties to the Emperor. Two days later, he spontaneously drags his nearby retainers and Hotaru to join him for a twilight firefly gathering. While there, they reveal to her that Nobunaga has scheduled a trip to the capital in two weeks time to refuse the titles in person. He notices her spirits lowering with the news and assures her that it is for the sake of his dream, a spontaneous speech which additionally awes his listeners.

Two nights or so later, Hotaru approaches the main keep to personally inspect rumors of a spirit haunting the premise. Nobunaga spots her and unceremoniously shoves her inside for tea served by Yoshirou. Ranmaru informs him that one of the Emperor's messengers seeks an audience with him, causing Nobunaga to excuse himself. While alone with the tea server, Hotaru saves him from a toxic serpent and pursues the eavesdropping Rekka. Upon learning that Nobuyuki is the shinobi's master, she reports her findings to Mitsuhide.

He in turn reveals the news to Nobunaga in private and explains Hotaru's kunoichi training to him. Nobunaga quickly accepts the truth about Hotaru, yet he refuses to believe that his younger brother has been plotting to assassinate him. Mitsuhide then concocts an elaborate ruse to draw Nobuyuki's true character into the open, and Nobunaga agrees to feign ignorance on behalf of his plan. He pretends that nothing is amiss, even up to the moment of his staged assassination. Once Nobuyuki is proven guilty and imprisoned, he continues his plans to move to the capital and resides within Honnōji. Nobunaga's fate in the default storyline is reliant on the player's choices and the number of endings they have completed by this point.

Yumeakari continues from an alternate ending which had Hotaru unite Nobunaga and his retainers to crush Nobuyuki's rebellion at Honnōji. Nobunaga's survival is considered miraculous, leading to his nickname as "the phoenix" with castle residents. Fascinated by her character and kunoichi abilities, Nobunaga hires her to be his shinobi and entrusts her to protect Azuchi Castle. He continues to reside at the main keep to oversee the Oda's multiple conquests across the land.

Four days after Hanbei and Kanbei's introductions, Nobunaga sends Ranmaru to fetch Hotaru during the twilight hours. He orders for her to enter his quarters in her true kunoichi form. The Oda lord is beside his open window and he bids her to join him. As they gaze upon the shimmering lake below, he inquires if she has made progress for her dreams. Hotaru remembers she couldn't answer him two months prior and is honored that her master remains concerned for her. Nobunaga congratulates her honest answer for the dream of peace. The Oda lord repeats his invite for her to enjoy her stay at Azuchi Castle and to anticipate his audience next morning.

True to his word, Nobunaga summons his closest circle to the main keep. He has Mitsuhide present and explain a stone lantern which can float on water, explaining his plans to send dozens of them along the river near Azuchi Castle. The Oda lord is aware that the residents are still on edge from Honnōji and many are not used to the Hashiba strategists. He interprets the lanterns as a metaphor for people's dreams, seeking to unite the people and restore morale with the flamboyant display. Nobunaga dubs the act a lantern gathering and entrusts the Akechi siblings to superintend preparations. On the day of the event, he gives Hotaru a day off to enjoy herself.

Feeling up to a falconry session, he drags Ieyasu and Ranmaru with him the morning after the festivities. He launches his pet hawk, Akatsuki, for the hunt and his shoulder is hurt when it attacks him. Nobunaga shoos away the ruckus his page and friend make over his shallow graze, insisting that he is fine. He would like for its safe return while he busies himself by continuing to authorize the Hashiba's Shikoku campaign. The Oda lord trusts his hawk when Hotaru returns it, letting it fly and return to his glove unharmed. He brushes aside the incident as a rare occurrence until Ranmaru and Hotaru suddenly insist on guarding him during his leisurely stroll with Luis. They encounter Hideyoshi catching a playful monkey, and Nobunaga entreats their foreign friend to pet it. The monkey suddenly becomes feral when Nobunaga nears it and attacks with a hidden dagger. Nobunaga deflects its strikes, both in the town and later when Hotaru corners it within the Akechi manor.

After the armed monkey is captured and inspected, Nobunaga invites Mitsuhide to an evening tea ceremony. He demands to be told the truth, figuring that his kunoichi, his page, and his second-in-command are hiding something from him. Mitsuhide obeys and reports Hotaru's suspicions; she believes their adversary might be a shinobi using ninja magic. With no plans at his current disposal, Mitsuhide suggests no longer using Hotaru as he believes she is hiding something from him. Nobunaga decides to let her be due to their faith in her. He instead proposes a ruse by staging a martial arts tournament with his prized horse, Kurogane, as the prize.

Nobunaga and Mitsuhide had planned to capture the true culprit by keeping their eyes on Kurogane during the martial arts tournament. The Oda lord set himself to be bait, but they are foiled by the horse's sudden tenacity. Hotaru throwing the kunai to save Nobunaga presented another unexpected wrench into their plans.

During the default route, Nobunaga has no evidence to vouch for the kunoichi's innocence and is unable to quiet the unrest of his retainers. With a heavy heart, he reluctantly orders for Iga's destruction. Several days later, the deserted Hotaru receives news that Nobunaga has been killed at Azuchi Castle.

For the character routes, he urges the men to wait for verification and to watch the situation a while longer. Once the Hashiba trio is presented to him for punishment, Nobunaga judges that the strategists shall remain in Hideyoshi's care and they shall ride to Shikoku. His amnesty postpones the standard execution for treason. If Hideyoshi fails to keep his strategists in check again, Nobunaga notifies that he won't be as merciful. The Oda lord remains in Azuchi Castle after the incident.

The Yumeakari ending has Hotaru reveal the forged Iga letter to the others the same night she receives it. Nobunaga goes through the standard questioning before stating his sincere trust in her. He orders for the members of his inner circle to work together to find the real spy. He repeats his judgment from the character routes and commands another lantern gathering. Glad to have his people firmly connected, Nobunaga proudly shares his dreams to those beside him.

Personal Routes

Interested in spending time with the "peculiar princess", Nobunaga drags her to whatever he believes will please her as soon as he can. Their first outing is spent drinking tea he personally brewed with Nobuyuki. He is pleased to hear she enjoys it, yet he becomes defensive when his brother criticizes the sincerity of his dream. To him, a dream is a passionate force with the strength to completely reshape a person's character, enough to move a person to do whatever it takes to achieve it. Once he finishes illustrating the importance of having a vision in life, Nobunaga calls for Hotaru to state hers for him. She is puzzled by his inquiry, as she never considered her motivations to be dictated solely by an ideal. Entertained by her odd reaction, he believes her world is too sheltered to confidently answer him and bids her to indulge herself during her one month stay. Nobunaga eagerly anticipates to learn her dream once she has decided on one.

As Hotaru walks the castle grounds one day, she happens to spot Nobunaga and Ranmaru leaving the main keep. The men are approached by a peasant woman, a destitute mother seeking to avenge the death of her son from one of Nobunaga's campaigns. Seeing that she is armed, Nobunaga calls off Ranmaru and draws his own blade against her. Hotaru senses a murderous intent from him and hurries to the mother's rescue by pleading in the woman's defense. He ponders if she is truly prepared to stand against him and Hotaru fearlessly challenges him. She dares him to cut her if he wants to hurt a woman, stating that it would injure his reputation and incur the wrath of the Akechi family. Intrigued by her gull, Nobunaga lets the mother flee unharmed and returns to his quarters amused.

He summons for her company the day after Ieyasu's tea ceremony, wanting to know if the princess could identify the shinobi who attempted to kill him. Hotaru feigns ignorance of the spy's identity and is momentarily scared when Nobunaga deducts that there must have been a female spy. She changes the topic to his fearlessness in the face of death. He answers that his dream drives him forward and shows her the globe within his quarters. After he explains his ambitions for Japan to her, Hotaru accurately predicts his intents to set his sights on the world. He enthusiastically complements her for understanding him in one sitting, surprised to have met someone who understands him so thoroughly. Later, he elaborates to her that the dream of a happy, serene land is shared by him and the people. Even the mother who tried to kill him is a reflection of that desire. Nobunaga deems himself capable of making it a reality.

One night after the firefly gathering, Hotaru visits Nobunaga and finds him dancing to Atsumori within his private garden. As she chats with him, Rekka knocks out Nobunaga's two escorts and attempts to assassinate their lord. Since Hotaru is disguised as the helpless Kikyō, she needs to act the part as a maiden in distress. When the young lord suffers a minor cut from the enemy shinobi protecting her, Hotaru surprises herself when she briefly considers breaking her cover to save Nobunaga. Ranmaru arrives in time to stop Rekka, thus preventing her from acting on the impulse. Nobunaga is unmoved by the incident and escorts Hotaru back to the Akechi manor. Blaming herself for placing him into any sort of danger, Hotaru insists on being punished for her ineptitude. Nobunaga swiftly orders her "punishment": she must visit him more often and provide him company, something which Hotaru happily agrees to fulfill.

Mitsuhide gives Hotaru her final mission to assassinate Nobunaga at the firefly banquet approximately a week later. The conspirators scheme to use Hotaru to lure Nobunaga far away from the banquet and murder him in private. Mitsuhide and Nobuyuki plan to watch nearby from the shadows. Conflicted over her mission and her desire to see Nobunaga's dream, she is unable to keep her uncertainties hidden and uses fatigue as an excuse to stay away from the public eye. Though she discreetly prepares for the mission, Hotaru wishes to see Nobunaga live through the ordeal and dreads each day before the banquet. Nobunaga at this point is aware of the reasons behind her uncertainties and offers to share her burden in private. Hotaru is torn yet doesn't confess her feelings for the sake of the mission. Hoping to provide some relief to her doubts, Nobunaga gladly offers his life to her and states his wish for her to believe in him.

The firefly banquet proceeds as planned with Hotaru and Nobunaga alone in a secluded area. The moment she draws her kunai Nobunaga grabs her wrist and stabs himself with it. He immediately commands her to flee from the scene and collapses in a pool of blood. She transforms into a bird and disappears before Ranmaru arrives. After Hotaru reports to Mitsuhide, Nobuyuki openly relishes the news of his brother's death and his new position as clan head. Nobunaga enters the scene unharmed, explaining that the blood was fake. Finally convinced of Nobuyuki's character, he orders for his capture and returns to his quarters. Mitsuhide explains the reasons of the farce to Hotaru and encourages her to see Nobunaga for his thoughts. She flies into his window as a bird and presents herself in her true kunoichi form.

Coming clean about his knowledge of the scheme and pleased to finally know her real name, Nobunaga admits he suspected that Hotaru was a kunoichi since their first meeting. Her reactions and courage in the face of danger further convinced him. With the need for deception over, he eggs her to be honest about her blatant infatuation for him. Hotaru hasn't fallen in love with someone before and fumbles with identifying her attraction for him, yet he finds her confusion endearing. Before he spends the rest of the night alone with Hotaru, he frustratingly tells an embarrassed Ranmaru to get out.

The following morning Nobunaga receives a report that Nobuyuki is still behind bars and decides to postpone judgment until after he finishes his business in the capital. He then summons his retainers to his side, nulls Hotaru's contract to Mitsuhide, and instructs her to disguise herself as a princess. Before his men, Nobunaga announces that she is his future wife and demands that they show her the proper respects. Hotaru voices her concern over his proclamation when they retire in private, worried that a kunoichi like herself is unworthy of him. Nobunaga is clear on his feelings for her and gives her a tea bowl. The bowl is decorated by a fenghuang with two tail feathers, which the young lord insists represents their ties to one another. He promises to wait for her to realize her love for him and departs the next day for the capital.

Hotaru mulls over her anxieties over her social stature and is visited by Mitsuhide. Seeing her distress, Mitsuhide reveals that Nobunaga was pleased when he first learned about Hotaru's identity, proudly referring to her as "his other half" in life. His assurance gives her the confidence to believe in her lifestyle and in the sincerity of Nobunaga's proposal. One of Mitsuhide's retainers suddenly brings a report that Nobuyuki is missing from his cell and no where to be found. Mitsuhide hurries to assemble an army and orders Hotaru to give him a report of Nobuyuki's whereabouts. She transforms into a bird, sees his army heading towards Honnōji, and passes on her reconnaissance to Mitsuhide. Hotaru then flies as fast as she can towards the temple.

The kunoichi arrives before Nobuyuki's army sets fire to the temple, but they are too late to escape. Once the fire starts, Nobunaga resolves himself to his defeat. He orders both Ranmaru and Hotaru to escort the residents in the Nijo Pavilion to safety rather than have them risk their lives against the army of 2,000. As he was unable to see through Nobuyuki's plot, the lord feels his time is over and is prepared to die in the flames. Ranmaru reluctantly leaves, but Hotaru stays. She finally confesses her dream to him: to live and see the world he creates. He assures her that his dream will live on in the hearts of his colleagues and states his final farewells. Nobunaga then walks further into the fire, willingly accepting his end that heaven has appropriately judged for him.

Resolving to not give up on him or her acceptance of being his lover, Hotaru uses the transformation scroll given to her by her village elder nearly a month before. She transforms into a giant fenghuang to fly both of them to safety. With Nobunaga safe and away from the temple's fire, he bests Nobuyuki in a duel and his retainers quell the army of insurgents. Nobuyuki is recaptured again for his trouble, and Nobunaga cancels his plans to meet the Emperor. He proclaims his return to Azuchi Castle to imprison his younger brother.

Though Hotaru collapses in exhaustion using the giant scroll, Nobunaga ushers her to recover. In the days that follow, he resumes his work at Azuchi and Hotaru returns to Iga to report back. She also informs the village of her intents to live with Nobunaga, a decision which the elder accepts. Hotaru is fine living under the disguise as a princess for Nobunaga, as it will never change her confidence in her ninja upbringing. She swears to continue using her ninja training to protect him. The couple eventually marry and promise to share their future together.

His Yumeakari route begins after he orders for the lantern gathering. Hotaru notices him and Ranmaru leaving the main keep and is dragged by him to survey the castle town with them. Nothing is amiss and the people happily flock to their beloved lord. A proprietor offers fresh rice dumplings for him to sample from her shop. Nobunaga buys out the shop and tells her to distribute the goods to everyone present. Everyone rejoices the gracious offering except for Ranmaru. Well aware of his weaknesses, the Oda lord teases that any warrior who can't surpass their flaws doesn't deserve to guard him. He is interrupted by a sheepish town girl who eyes his personal share of the lot. She hasn't eaten so Nobunaga gives it to her. Hotaru is touched by his act of kindness, and Nobunaga replies he is used to dealing with children. Ranmaru interprets his words to be a slur against him before admitting that their lord does look after the young pages. Before they return to the castle, Hotaru notices Nobunaga purchasing a dried persimmon as a souvenir.

She learns it is a gift for Nobuyuki the next day. Hotaru happens to see Nobunaga visiting his brother's manor and transforms into a bird to investigate. The older brother sits outside the closed doors of Nobuyuki's room and is repaid with a curt plea for him to depart. Nobunaga concedes but sets the dried persimmon outside his brother's room. Unable to remain silent, Hotaru runs after him in her princess form and apologizes for peeping on them. Seeking privacy, Nobunaga brings her to his tea room and elaborates his contemplations to her over a cup of personally brewed tea. He has always believed to be close to his younger brother until Honnōji; neither cursing or pitying Nobuyuki, he deduces his brother's negative opinion of him will never change. Even so, Nobunaga wishes for his brother to stop focusing on past deeds and hopes the sight of the lantern gathering can clear his anxieties. He can't afford to be sentimental as a leader, so Nobunaga instructs Hotaru to keep his brotherly concerns their secret. Realizing that her lord has entrusted her with an imperative mission, Hotaru cheerfully agrees to fulfill it.

In spite of being granted a day off, Hotaru worries for Nobunaga and wants to accompany her lord's night patrol. She approaches him and his guards in her princess disguise the night of the lantern gathering. He pulls her aside and tells her to enjoy her break. If she must come with him, he provokes her to agree to a lover's tryst with him. Out of concern for him, Hotaru timidly agrees. Nobunaga hollers for his guards, tells them the news to mind their business, and ditches them in speechless disbelief with Hotaru in tow.

Alone with Nobunaga, he guides them to the riverbank. He wants to see the sight of the lanterns from a higher vantage point and tells Hotaru to relax while he carries her up a tree. The kunoichi objects she can do it herself, but Nobunaga wants her to stay in her current form. He climbs with her in his arms, and they enjoy the sight together. Hotaru wonders if Nobuyuki is enjoying it as well. Nobunaga responds he sent Nobuyuki a letter earlier that night and recites it from memory for her, its contents echoing his earlier inclinations. The older brother admits Nobuyuki's forgiveness will probably not happen that easily but feels he at least understands him. Hotaru appreciates his honesty and asks permission to continue their private chats. She warmly offers to fill in the emotional gap left by Nobuyuki's absence.

Moments after she makes her heartfelt pledge, Ranmaru shouts for his lord in the distance. Hotaru apologizes for the inconvenience and prompts for their return. Nobunaga embraces her and shoves them into the shade of the tree. Shy and confused Hotaru is instructed to remain quiet so Ranmaru can't find them. While they hide, Nobunaga reasons it's her reward for the night. He fondly calls her his shinobi, words which charm her into remaining docile.

Hotaru requests a mission from Mitsuhide the next morning. He has nothing in particular planned for her so he instructs her to discreetly watch over Nobunaga. Joyful at her assignment, she transforms into a bird and then into Shichisuke to blend in with the falconry session. While the other pages search for prey, Ranmaru inquires about his lord's outing with Hotaru. Nobunaga coyly says it's too boorish to speak aloud. Hotaru overhears and becomes absent-minded remembering their conversation, wondering if she is in love. She regains her focus in time to defend Nobunaga from a diving Akatsuki. Hotaru fails to capture the bird, and he suffers the same scratch from the other routes. Once he recovers from the assault, Nobunaga recognizes Hotaru in her disguise. He chides that he doesn't like to be protected in secret before calling off the hunt.

Hoping to chat with him, Hotaru visits the main keep the next day. He and the Hashiba trio are addressing the Shikoku campaign, and she overhears the tail end of the discussion. Hanbei inquires Nobunaga's thoughts for the engagement proposal with a Saika princess, reasoning that an alliance with the Kii lords would prove beneficial to their movements in the west. Hideyoshi lists the multiple benefits for considering a marriage alliance at their current juncture. Every proposal sounds profitable to a startled Hotaru, yet the Oda lord isn't interested. Nobunaga notices her when he is finished with business and postpones his other appointments. He tells a persistent Ranmaru that he is going on another tryst with Hotaru to keep the page grounded.

Free from the castle walls, Nobunaga thanks her for the save. His page's guard has been suffocating him since Akatsuki's attack, and he wants a breather from it. Since it is news to her, Hotaru brings up his potential marriage alliance and her opinions about it. Nobunaga scoffs he needs no wife and reminds her to stay true to her pledge to him on the night of the lantern gathering. Hotaru is overwhelmed by his tremendous trust in her and accepts his offer to share an afternoon walk along the riverbank.

Mitsuhide visits her room in the Akechi manor the next day to hear her latest report about Nobunaga. He is surprised to hear their lord decline the marriage alliance, suggesting that a recent change of heart must have been responsible for the missed opportunity. The general keeps a mental note to himself to investigate the Saika and slips out, the kunoichi mulling on his reflection of their lord's character. She is surprised when Oito announces that Nobunaga is present. He tells her to come with him into the town for a midday break.

While strolling the streets, the girl he fed two weeks earlier runs toward them. She trips and breaks a red pinwheel she had meant to give him. Before she wails into a crying fit, Nobunaga mends it and thanks her for the gift. He rewards the girl's smile by patting her head, watching her depart with high spirits. The pinwheel reminds him of the Western windmill he heard from Luis, and he summarizes his loose understanding of medieval wind power to her. Even with his fascination of European thought, Nobunaga elaborates his earnest desire for a peaceful Japan's national progression to her: to study from the world and invent their own brainchild to globally benefit humanity. Although she cannot completely follow his vision, Hotaru has faith in him and wishes to see the world too. Her earnest curiosity satisfies Nobunaga to retire for the day. He plans to display the pinwheel within his room and invites her to visit him whenever she wishes to see it. When she does, Hotaru is fondly reminded of his dream every time she gazes upon it.

A week later, Hotaru spots Nobunaga being accosted by his guards and trails him into the main keep. She overhears Ranmaru applauding the Saika princess as a creditable and beautiful maiden for his lord to marry; she expressed deep fascination for his military exploits and leadership. He condemns Nobunaga's trysts with Hotaru since she is not a real princess. The kunoichi has an unknown family history and skeptical qualifications to share his company. Much to Hotaru and Ranmaru's surprise, Nobunaga indulges the invitation to meet with his prospective bride and orders for the proper arrangements to be made at Azuchi Castle. The eavesdropping kunoichi is reminded of her lowly servant status and woefully questions her lord's feelings for her. It becomes too painful for her to visit him.

Soon afterwards, the castle is excited to receive the rumored princess. Hotaru is unsure of her behavior and tries to distance herself from the commotion. She accidentally wanders near Nobunaga and the princess during their walk in one of the castle gardens. As she watches him interact with another woman, Hotaru is unable to name the trepidation she feels. She notices the blade hidden underneath the woman's robes and reveals her presence to warn Nobunaga. While the woman belittles her rudeness, Nobunaga disarms her. Her scream alerts Ranmaru, and the assailant is taken away by the guards. The Oda lord clarifies he had predicted the deception based on the princess's peculiar interest in warfare and wanted to personally see the Kii lords' scheme to topple Azuchi Castle. While Hotaru objects to his recklessness, Nobunaga teases her of her anger and jealousy. Unable to give him a straight answer, she formally insists a shinobi isn't permitted to harbor emotional attachments to their masters and runs away from him. Her pain from the encounter has her realize that she is in love with Nobunaga.

Hotaru broods on her feelings and her mission later that night in her room, insisting that she is only a shinobi in his eyes and was being used to ease his boredom. Remembering her years of training and her debt to her master, she feels ashamed by her infatuation to him. Oito informs her of an order to go to the main keep which Hotaru fulfills. She reflects that her outburst was reprehensible and apologizes for it. Aloof to her formalities, Nobunaga asks her to explain her reasons for being angry with him. She mentally agonizes over his request, and he baits her to spend the night with him if she needs it. Realizing that he has foreseen her thoughts, Hotaru reproaches his jest to be too insensitive to her anxieties.

Running away from him in tears, Hotaru is stopped when Nobunaga grabs her shoulders and apologizes for causing her to cry; he repeats his sincere desire to hear her true thoughts. Embarrassed and moved by his words, she nervously admits to her jealousy. He laughs and embraces her, pleased to learn the depths of her affections. He asks her to promise to ignore their social differences, stating that their relationship has nothing to question. Nobunaga is always happy to be with her. In spite of his reassurance, Hotaru accepts his words to mean that her love is unobtainable and comforts herself to have his company. After she composes herself, Hotaru inquires about the Saika princess and learns that she is a kunoichi hired to assassinate Nobunaga. She sympathizes with the imprisoned woman, explaining that ninja are expected to kill their emotions for the job. Frowning at her acceptance of the ideal, Nobunaga tells her to overlook the practice and be herself around him.

Nobunaga brushes aside the accusations against Iga at the public hearing. The martial arts tournament leads him to suspect Hanbei as the true spy. Rather than stand back and be protected, Nobunaga intends to face his adversary himself. Before he commences his plan, he summons for Hotaru to meet him in the same garden they first met. They reenact their first meeting, and he showers her with praise as his final farewell to her. Nobunaga orders her to return to Iga, explaining the resentful cries against her home and his responsibilities as castle lord to bring peace to his people. Her negligence to report her odd behavior before the martial arts tournament are reasons enough for her dismissal.

The kunoichi would rather be executed for disobedience than comply, declaring that she must capture the spy to protect him. The Oda lord challenges her to prove herself; if she can land a single blow on him, he may give into her. Their match is brief due to her apprehensions of hurting him. He repeats his order to go home for six months, clarifying that it is the only way he can protect her and he is worried for her. Promising to return, Hotaru is pardoned to make preparations for her departure. Ranmaru, who had observed their exchange from afar, wonders if his lord is being too hasty parting with her. Nobunaga shares his felicitations to the youths' future without him.

While Hotaru reminisces about her days spent at Azuchi Castle, Nobunaga hails for a strategic meeting with Hideyoshi and Hanbei. He notifies them that the fake Saika princess has confessed to being guilty for the documents. Both the Kii lords and the Chōsokabe have allegedly forged an alliance against him. The Hashiba's flank is jeopardized if they allow the Shikoku campaign to continue as planned. He seeks to clarify the testament and orders Hideyoshi to act as his messenger to the southern lords in Kii. Since Kanbei has mysteriously vanished, Nobunaga commands for Hanbei to stay behind and deal with the matter.

Hotaru transforms into a bird and flies away from the castle. She spots the Hashiba army by nightfall and overhears the soldiers chatting about a rumor of Nobunaga giving the pages leave because he is ill. Sensing a troubling trend in his actions, Hotaru flies back as fast as she can to Azuchi Castle. Hanbei knows he is being baited by the Oda lord and manipulates his hounds to attack the night patrol. When Ranmaru gives a hurried report to the waiting lord, Nobunaga is upset that his dare to Hanbei is not answered directly. He runs out of the main keep and enters the fray himself, insulting Hanbei as a cowardly samurai. Hotaru arrives to his side when a canine lunges at his back. She knocks it out yet its poisoned claws manages to cut Nobunaga. He assures his concerned retainers that it only grazed his clothing; he will question the kunoichi about her return later.

Brute force begins to lose against numbers so Nobunaga threatens to punish Hideyoshi. The dogs halt, and Hanbei reveals himself to them. Nobunaga adds that Hideyoshi is well aware of Hanbei's schemes, convinced as such when he gave him the order to go to Kii. Facing his defeat, Hanbei reveals his shinobi origins and surmises that Hotaru's loyalty has been coerced upon her. He warns that Nobunaga's fetid character will someday corrupt her. Hotaru remains adamant in her devotion to Nobunaga and her will to see a dream of peace beside him. Hanbei relinquishes his ninja scroll to her and grants Nobunaga his long awaited duel. The shinobi loses in two bouts and pleads for death. Nobunaga tells him to ask his master for permission before knocking him out. He tells Mitsuhide to keep Hanbei under watch until Hideyoshi returns from Kii. By then, the province should have agreed to an alliance with the Oda.

His other commands are interrupted when he pales and collapses. Hotaru realizes he is poisoned and Mitsuhide summons for a doctor. The doctor reports later that Nobunaga's injury is minor, but it's a miracle he is still breathing. With no other options other than to wait the night, the others leave Hotaru alone by his bedside. She had transformed into a frog to watch over the proceedings, remaining unnoticed by Nobuyuki. He slurs his brother yet Hotaru senses his obscured sincerity. With no other visitors, Hotaru returns to her princess form and pleads for him to live. She gets her wish as Nobunaga recovers by the next morning. They share a tender moment together.

Mitsuhide and Hotaru spend the day hours clearing the hounds away from the castle. The blue-haired general explains the details of their plan to her, yet Hotaru is confused for the reasons behind her dismissal. Mitsuhide and Ranmaru have to spell out for her that their lord loves her. He wanted her to be safe. Nobunaga is still recovering from the poison for Hotaru to ask him directly.

The Hashiba army receive their usual punishment several days later, and Hotaru receives presents from her home to congratulate her success. She wishes to give him a sash to thank a healthy Nobunaga. The kunoichi finds him and Nobuyuki saying their last goodbyes at Lake Biwa. Nobuyuki walks away as she approaches, restating her thanks for considering her home. Nobunaga accepts and asserts that their ties will last as long as the Shield of Azuchi remains. At her behest, he explains Nobuyuki wishes to live a quiet life independent from him at a manor in Owari. Considerate of the stress he has suffered, Nobunaga allows it and shares that they will probably never see one another again.

Nobuyuki had seen Hotaru beside Nobunaga sometime when they were both asleep. He spread a rumor of their romance around the castle as a parting gift to his brother. Sputtering at his cheery marriage proposal has her recall her earlier bewilderment for his feelings; she demands for an explanation for his actions. He is surprised that it needed to be stated. He kisses her as a reply while uttering his fondness for her. Nobunaga says he will wait for her answer regarding their marriage; he loses patience when she remains silent for a month. Hotaru continues to protect him from enemy spies as though his confession never happened. Once he presses her about it, the kunoichi declares her desire to never again see him in danger. She won't become his wife until the land of unification becomes a reality. Although irritated by the thought of waiting, he lauds her determination and pledge to be by his side.

Two months after she says her desires to him, the land is unified under the Oda. Hotaru confesses to be surprised by her husband's accelerated feat while they stroll the town streets together. The girl who gave Nobunaga the pinwheel presents another one to congratulate their marriage. Carrying her on his shoulders, Nobunaga repeats their dream to see the world together and to never part from one another.

His downloadable scenario is set on a night after the couple first reconcile their feelings for one another. Hotaru spots signs of Nobunaga's fatigue and burns incense to alleviate him. He quickly closes the distance between them, coaxing her to be honest about her repeated attempts to seduce him. Timidly stuttering her concern for him, she shrieks in embarrassment when he appears to push her down the matting. Instead, he stops short and teases her inexperience as a temptress. Nobunaga dotes on Hotaru as his one and only lover when she pouts.

Mōri Motonari: Chikai no Sanshi

Portrayed as one of the many influential daimyo of the game, Nobunaga is a rude and brash man who is frustrated by those he deems incompetent. He has a short temper with anyone who questions him, feeling no remorse for anyone who begs for sympathy. Since the focus of the story is on the western side of the main island, Nobunaga's appearances in the story are brief.

Nobunaga is first seen meeting the hostage Takechiyo in Owari, demanding the "brat" to move out of his way. A few chapters later, the young man visits Takechiyo to pass on news of the death of the boy's father. When Takechiyo begins to cry, Nobunaga accosts him as his form of comfort. Reasoning the boy to gain composure and to not be an embarrassment like his father, Nobunaga seems proud when Takechiyo obeys. Losing his father didn't affect him personally, spatting an insult and hurling the ceremonial ash at Nobuhide's funeral with spite. He instead revels in the power given to him as the new clan head and effortlessly defeats Yoshimoto at Okehazama.

Years later, Nobunaga seeks to abuse and use any window of opportunity that comes his way. First, he accepts the offer to escort and protect the fleeing shogun to Kyoto. When the shogun asked if Nobunaga wanted a reward, he demanded the service of Yoshiaki's most capable retainer, Mitsuhide. His request granted, Nobunaga then manipulates the shogun's power to better serve his purposes and bases himself in the capital. Kicking the shogun out when the man served his purposes, Nobunaga controls the center of the land and deals with several rebellions. He becomes infuriated with the repeated instigations from Kennyo's peasant followers and orders Katsuie to slaughter them. His vicious act sparks Terumoto's animosity and the Mōri finally decide to stand against the Oda.

After the loss at Kizugawaguchi, Nobunaga splits his retainers to deal with different sections of the land at once. Barking at Mitsuhide for daring to question his authority, the conqueror begins his own preparations to join the invasion of the Mōri. Although news of his imminent arrival frightened the villagers of the west, their fears are put to rest when Nobunaga is killed by Mitsuhide at Honnōji. His death is not shown to the player, Terumoto only hearing of the event himself when his kunoichi reports it to him.

Character Information

Nobunaga's artwork in Samurai Warriors 4.


Kou Shibusawa's motivations for creating the Nobunaga's Ambition series was driven by his personal admiration for Nobunaga. In his eyes, Nobunaga was the only one of the Warring States period to stand out as an innovative man ahead of his times. He discarded dated customs of no value and sought to revolutionize Japan with a variety of techniques. Shibusawa likes the drama surrounding Nobunaga's sudden end; the "Ambition" namesake is referring to his desire to let players carry on the warlord's legacy.

Initially, the Samurai Warriors designers aimed to portray him as "Demon King of the Warring States" and went with their spin on the typical Nobunaga attire seen in fiction. They gave Nobunaga a sword to enforce his trait of quickly eliminating anyone who opposes him. His first design aimed to create a "new manly" image of Nobunaga that didn't look too similar to his appearance in the Nobunaga's Ambition series. For his redesign in the second title, they wanted to differentiate him further by emphasizing his symbolic item in the series, which is black feathers. To keep the dramatic flow of action for his character, they decided to split his mantle and adorned his armor's collar with feathers.

The designer reveals Nobunaga's design in the fourth title was a fight to the finish between the wishes of the company and his illustrator, Hayaken. Everyone had a different idea of their perceived image of Nobunaga and the rush of phone calls turned into a grueling series of compromises. They tentatively identify his outfit as a unique look not seen before in the series.


Like most fictional accounts, Nobunaga in Samurai Warriors acts cold and indifferent to the suffering of innocent people and of others' opinion of his methods. Boldly declaring that he is predestined to rule as a part of heaven's and the land's design, he therefore sees any resistance to his conquests as useless pursuits. He aims to continuously shock people with his campaigns, forcing them to continuously grow past their dated expectations by destroying the old. He adopts a devilish motif, often asking others their desires and a way for him to grant them. An ingenious individual with sadistic traits, he also presents poetic barbs for his opponents in a quizzical and superior manner.

In the second title, he enjoys the prospect of facing death, believing that all battles should be fought to conquer one's fear of dying.

In the fifth installment, his initial personality takes a stark contrast as he is impulsive and reckless, but passionate in his goals for peace. Though the deaths and betrayals of several of his friends hurts him, none were as painful as Nō's death, causing Nobunaga to detach himself from his emotions and acting in a colder manner and only on pure ambition more reminiscent of the older games.

For the Japanese script of his Warriors appearance, Nobunaga speaks in a theatrical tone, refers to himself in third person, and dramatically pauses before speaking the last syllable of his sentences. His lines become more abstract and philosophical as he appears in more titles. Nobunaga often famously retorts with "is that so" (or "de aru ka") towards those who have displayed their conviction before him, which was a verbal tic hinted to be lifted from his historical counterpart and further adds to his indifferent front.

Enjoying Mitsuhide's headstrong nature and honesty, even when his retainer betrays him, Nobunaga always goads him to show his best effort. In the event that he actually dies at Honnōji, Nobunaga somehow gets the last word against his opponent by morbidly praising his vassal's accomplishment - Mitsuhide's reaction varies depending on the title. He is affectionate towards his wife, thinking highly of her beauty and her position beside him. Knowing her promise to her father, Nobunaga teases her about her thoughts in the first and third title. In the original Japanese script, his praise for Ranmaru contains hints of arousal and explicitly states that the young man's accomplishments are dedications of love. Nobunaga's lines are much more platonic in the English script, in which he praises Ranmaru with simple fascination. In the Japanese dub, he calls both of them with the "o" honorific (お濃 O-Nō, お蘭 O-Ran). His relationship with Nagamasa and Oichi is usually minor, but he has shown reluctance to lose either one of them in the first and third title.

Though he may seem callous, he's depicted with a shred of sympathy in his recent appearances. He trusts his generals to carry out their missions and is seen forgiving them in select scenarios, and at times is willing to accept when his fate will go downhill and admits that no one can truly have what they want, and that the land's beauty is moreso shaped by the conflicting wills of several strong rulers that desire to govern it. Even then, Mitsuhide's actions against Nobunaga at Honnōji move him to a degree in each title.

His heroic qualities are better demonstrated in the Warriors Orochi series, in which he acts as an idol for Guan Ping and greatly impresses the youth with his presence. Adhering to strong individuals, Nobunaga praises him, the youth's father, and Cao Cao being his supposed counterpart. Compared to Cao Cao, Nobunaga is less openly emotional and less upfront in his doings compared to his counterpart's more hot-headed and emotionally open nature. He has a special conversation with Nezha in Warriors Orochi 4, encouraging the cyborg to "keep on fighting forever".

Geten no Hana's Nobunaga lives and breathes the messages found in Atsumori. He believes that life is limited to fifty years; a person who isn't moved to enjoy living for their dreams may as well be dead. Always on the move and never satisfied with waiting, his every decision as clan head is dedicated towards a new land of peace for the people. Idealistic and unorthodox as his actions may seem to traditionalists, Nobunaga's daring leadership and formidable cunning silences their skepticism. He firmly accepts the realities of his ancient war-torn age, realizing that death is an inevitable price for success. Therefore, Nobunaga treasures every drop of blood spilled and willingly accepts any change or sacrifice necessary for the sake of a new land. Since the stories of his belligerent disregard for customs run rampant, rumors of his cruel ruthlessness are commonplace. Aware of the constant intimidation he faces, Nobunaga gladly relishes it as proof of his dream becoming a reality.

Nobunaga is rather whimsical during his leisure. At any time, he may sneak away from the castle grounds to explore the nearby town, challenge his pages to a duel, or order for his men to attend a hunting party with him. Wanting to enjoy his life to the fullest, he desires to do anything which captures his immediate interest and rarely takes no for an answer. He is more than capable of protecting himself from danger during his adventurous outings - despite Ranmaru frequently nagging him to bring more guards - and feels he shouldn't waste time fixating on groundless paranoia. The young lord is undoubtedly sarcastic, arrogant, and blunt, yet his playful teases don't mask the genuine concern he has for his retainers. He ultimately urges them to do what's best for their happiness as a supportive brother figure. Nobunaga extends the same bond of trust and companionship to Nobuyuki, even if the feelings are not returned in a manner he expects.

At first, Hotaru is an interesting woman to him. He can initially relate to the burden of being labeled an "oddity" by others and is fascinated by her profound boldness. Adoring her for it, Nobunaga feels that he has found the one woman in his life that he had been waiting for, especially once she perfectly chimes his intents to see the world. He realizes his attraction for her much sooner than Hotaru and encourages her to be proud of herself beside him. Though her timid rejections may provoke his teasing, he has no doubt about her thoughts for him. For her, he is willing to be patient as he feels they are two separated halves becoming one.

Character Symbolism

Nobunaga's rendition of the poetical dance Atsumori is one of his many famous lines in various fictional media. The original Atsumori lines remarks that everything in life is destined to change and nothing, whether it be beauty or eternal life, can be permanent. Everything in the world is fragile. Atsumori closely follows the Buddhist concept of nothingness and the conservative acceptance of mutable life and death. According to the Shinchō Kōki, Nobunaga particularly liked these lines:

Vin1.jpg The human world is but fifty years,
Nothing more than a fleeting dream
In the nestle of Nirmaannarati.*
Mortality is forfeit once life has started
To those who are not impervious to ruin.
* One of six heavenly realms for a soul focusing on entertainment. One day and night there is equivalent to 8,000 mortal years.

History fans today like to remark the poem is ironic foreshadowing since Nobunaga's own life was cut short at approximately fifty years. It led to the urban legend of Nobunaga reciting his version of Atsumori again at Honnōji.

Nobunaga's titles in Samurai Warriors 2 are "Fool of Owari", "Storm General", "The Upstart", "Nether Lord", "Master of Chaos", "Demon King", and "Mighty Conqueror" (in the Xtreme Legends expansion).

Within the Samurai Warriors series, Nobunaga is symbolized by the character "heaven" (天), the character for "supremacy" (覇), and black feathers. The kanji are likely tied to his "Tenka Fubu" seal. His black feathers are probably referring to a crow, long said to have been a type of sun bird and a messenger of heaven or the gods in Japanese mythology. Due to the ancient belief of sharp vision mirroring intelligence, crows are famed as quick witted and gifted beings of wisdom. Killing a crow is said to invoke the gods' anger and punishment.

Conversely, in the Nobunaga's Ambition series and Kessen III, Nobunaga is symbolized by a soaring hawk. It ties into one of Nobunaga's historical hobbies, falconry. Practicing falconry was a sign of might and power, but notes in the Nobunaga Kouki state Nobunaga stayed with the recreational sport because he admired and liked his hawks. He was thrilled whenever a hawk came to his arm on command and loved to reward them. During one of his outings, he happened to lose sight of a hawk he favored and was depressed when he couldn't find it. When it was found and returned to him, Nobunaga was overjoyed and highly rewarded the ones who brought it back to him. For those who he thought he didn't want anymore, he simply rejected them and let them free. His attitude towards his hawks is said to be parallel with his attitude towards his retainers: Nobunaga proudly rewarded those who pleased him and was quick to dismiss people who didn't interest him. His friendship with Ieyasu was fiercely strengthened when both generals proudly demonstrated their avian companions during falconry sessions. As a side note, Nobunaga favored white hawks the most, which acts as the motif for his retainer, Mitsuhide; thus Nobunaga's aforementioned black feathers from his Warriors portrayal are a foil towards Mitsuhide's white feathers.

Kogarasumaru is the namesake for Nobunaga's first unique sword in Kessen III. Thought to have been forged during the Heian period by the legendary swordsmith, Amakuni, its unique trait is its double edged sword. It's been believed that it could have been once been a naginata or yari blade, although there is little evidence to support the claim. According to legend, the sword is much older and was discovered by Emperor Kammu. He was practicing scriptures with a priest at the Imperial Palace, a set of armor magically fell from the sky. Soon after, he saw a giant, one-winged crow fly from the eastern horizon. Beckoning the bird closer, it hovered over the palace. Stating that it was a messenger of Isejinguu, the crow dropped a sword and took off. Emperor Kammu decided to name the blade, Kogarasumaru, to mark the incident. The sword stayed within the Imperial family until the Ise-Heishi took over. The sword was then said to have been wielded Taira no Sadamori during the Genpei War and Kogarasumaru was lost at sea during the Heike's retreat at Ichi-no-tani. Centuries later, it was found by the Ise clan and presented to Tokugawa Iemitsu. It was returned to the Ise family until it was handed down to Sō Yoshiakira, a descendant of Taira no Sadamori's bloodline, in the Meiji period. He was said to have trained with it for several years. Currently, the blade is in the care of the Imperial family.

Nobunaga's first two swords in Samurai Warriors are named after two legendary armaments mentioned in Tales of Heike, Kumokiri and Onikiri (also known as Hizamaru and Higekiri respectively). Both blades are tied to valorous tales for the Genji family during the Heian period. Yoshitsune and his brother, Yoritomo, are said to have been tied due to the blades' past with their ancestors. After the fall of the Kamakura shogunate, it was said Minamoto no Yoshisada held the blades for a time. The swords whereabouts after that are not known.

His second armament -third in the first title- is Heshigiri Hasebe, one of Nobunaga's swords tied to his infamous history of tantrums. As the story goes, he was drinking tea one day when Nobunaga somehow became infuriated by the rudeness of the one serving him. The tea server noticed the mistake too late and was forced to flee for his life as an angry Nobunaga chased him down with a sword. With few hiding places in the area, the frightened servant tried to hide himself inside a narrow shelf. Though crude and easy to spot, he thought in desperation that the shelf could offer some form of protection, thinking it could stop an overhead blow for a fraction of a second or have Nobunaga double-think the possibility of ruining furniture. When Nobunaga found the man in hiding, he killed the man without question; stories state different strikes, but it's sometimes said he inserted the blade through the inner shelves and cut the man in two. With the man dead, Nobunaga took pride in the sword he grabbed and smugly named it to mark his unmistakable power and authority over the dead servant (said to be named Hasebe Kunishige). Later, it was granted to Hideyoshi and eventually housed as a treasured sword by the Kuroda family. Though the story states otherwise, it's not a blade known for being considerably sharp, and it's impossible to kill a person with its cutting edge.

The original name for his third weapon -fourth in the first title- is named after the legendary sword, Muramasa. The swordsmith of the same name is well known for having a sordid, mysterious history with Ieyasu and the Tokugawa family. Muramasa was employed by Ieyasu -a supposed Muramasa collector- and famously crafted Tonbogiri (Tadakatsu's trademark weapon) and Shinkiri (Tadatsugu Sakai's treasured sword). Swords of his were said to be expertly crafted, with symmetrically matching hamon on each side of the blade, and clear cut features unlike artistic swords such as Masamune or the Kikuichimonji; however, in the context of the philosophy of spirit of the katana, his blades carried the image of being lethal practical weapons and implements of harm, and legends speak of his extreme history of breaking unpolished blades, his obsessive methods, and bouts of madness that eventually lead to him being dismissed and all of his weapons were banned for Tokugawa vassals. Legends from the Edo Period state that it was due to Muramasa's weapons harboring a supernatural bloodlust that gradually "poisoned" the minds of Ieyasu's generals. Another states Ieyasu's disapproval for Muramasa was sparked due to his weapons being responsible for the deaths of his grandfather, father, his son, various retainers killed during rebellions, and Toda Katsushige. As Ieyasu was looking at the spear that killed Katsushige, it dropped and cut him on the finger. When Muramasa was dismissed, he developed a grudge and it's said a mystical blade of malice was created to manifest his hatred. Urban legends go on how his swords drive one to bloodshed and murder when unsheathed, and swords of his make were hunted down and banned by the Tokugawa Shogunate, believed to be demonic and impure. Nobunaga's version adds a reference to his political religious practice, Namu Myoho Rengekyo, a division of Buddhism dedicated to the Lotus Sutra. According to Luís Fróis, Nobunaga sought to make the Lotus Sutra a public doctrine and it was taught nearby Honnōji before his death. His Power version in the third title adds the mysterious formations for yin-yang while his Speed types use Bagua for Muramasa.

His fourth weapon -fifth in the first title and Unique in the third- is named Orochi-no-Aramasa, a sword appearing in Japanese mythology. According to different sources, this is the blade Susano'o used to suppress Yamata-no-Orochi. Depending on who is asked, it's either a different name for Ame-no-Murakumo-no-Tsurugi or a different sword altogether. It is housed in Owari with the story of slaying Orochi, though its exact origins are not known. As a side note, Ama-no-Murakumo-no-Tsurugi forms the namesake of Nobunaga's ultimate personal weapon in Kessen III. His second best weapon in the game is named after the mythological type of blade used to kill Yamata-no-Orochi and Kagutsuchi.

Nobunaga's fifth and sixth swords are named after his nickname, Dai Rokuten Maō (第六天魔王), which is translated as "Sixth Heaven Demon King". Within Buddhism, there are six different divisions for the path of rebirth: heaven, human, shura, gaki, chikushō, and hell. Within these six paths, there are three different realms that a spirit can be reincarnated. The highest ranked reincarnation for a human soul is Dakejizaitenshu within the realm of desires. Obtaining the rank allows the soul to obtain utter control of their every desire without inhibition, allowing them to indulge in various pleasures and enjoyment. Though it sounds appealing, Buddhism heavily stresses to remove oneself from desire and experience suffering in order to reach true enlightenment. To succumb to even the smallest desire will lead the human soul to completely forget the fundamentals of Buddha's teachings. Finally, said to reign at the highest point of this world, and over the entire realm of desires, is that of Mara, who is known as the tempter of Gautama Buddha in his quest for enlightenment and the ultimate obstacle for any who seek enlightenment. Before the enlightenment of Buddha, Mara was said to have commanded legions of demons in his ranks to ensure the rule of the realm of desires with fear, be it from demons that demanded tribute as deities from men, to the feral and diabolical left to their own devices. Introduced into Japan, demons within the context of Buddhism became known as tenma; hence Mara was give his title in accord. Therefore, the "demon king" title became affiliated with Dakejizaitenshu as a warning to believers during the Heian period. Whatever desires the demon king tempts, it should be avoided for a soul would otherwise succumb to the demon's wiles. While Nobunaga is sometimes interpreted in fiction to follow the actual definition for Dai Rokuten Maō, most fictional sources distort the name to literally personify various demonic traits for Nobunaga. According to Luís Fróis, Nobunaga is said to have used the name as a somewhat sarcastic response to Takeda Shingen, who had sent Nobunaga a letter signed Tendai Zashu Shingen (Tendai high priest Takeda Shingen). In his reply, Nobunaga signed the letter with Dairokuten Maou Nobunaga.

Geten no Hana Nobunaga's food preferences are homages to presumptions of his historical counterpart's own tastes. Known as an enthusiast of the "barbarian relics" and newer trends, Luís Fróis noted that he rejoiced whatever goods were presented to him during Francisco de Xavier's visit in 1549. Fróis didn't mention any food being brought to Nobunaga by Xavier, but legends and assumptions like to add known desserts brought to Japan by the Portuguese missionaries. In the stories, Nobunaga was said to have been particularly curious and pleased by the konpeitō. The one treat that can be associated to him directly are dried persimmons. Fróis recorded to have seen Nobunaga give the box of dried fruits to priests he had personally escorted around his main keep. As Nobunaga presented the box to his guests, he claimed that they came from Mino and were the best in Japan. While Fróis could not name the fruit himself, the story has led to many assuming that Nobunaga's praise was meant to reflect his own preferences for them.

His reported dissatisfaction with Kyōfu-ryōri originates from Jōzan Kidan, a collection of fictional anecdotes from the mid-Edo Period. After Nobunaga had banished the last Muromachi shogun from the capital and scattered the Miyoshi Trio, his retainers apprehended a chef who once served the Miyoshi. The chef was renowned as a fantastic connoisseur of Kyōfu-ryōri so the Oda retainers wanted to present his cooking to their lord. The next day, when he was served his traditionally flavored meal cooked by the chef, Nobunaga barked, "No one could eat this watered-down slop! Kill the one who made it at once!" His retainers recoiled at their lord's anger and fibbed that the honored chef would truly be cooking for him the next day. Come next day, Nobunaga was pleased with his food. The chef had abandoned any traditional seasoning in favor of richer and rustic flavors, a story which further enforces the common perception of Nobunaga having everyman tastes and his refusal to judge others by their reputation alone.

Voice Actors

  • Douglas Rye - Samurai Warriors (English-uncredited)
  • Brent Schaus - Samurai Warriors 2, Nobunaga's Ambition: Rise to Power (English)
  • Christopher Corey Smith - Warriors Orochi~2, Samurai Warriors: Katana, Samurai Warriors 3 (English-uncredited)
  • Brian Mathis - Samurai Warriors: Legend of the Sanada (English)
  • John Murphy - Kessen (English; credited for "Shadow")
  • Crispin Freeman - Kessen III (English-uncredited)
  • Michael A. Zekas - Nobunaga's Ambition Taishi (English)
  • Crock Krumbiegel - Samurai Warriors (German-uncredited)
  • Sin Seong-ho - Samurai Warriors (Korean)
  • Yukimasa Kishino - Dynasty Warriors (Japanese)
  • Jūrōta Kosugi - Samurai Warriors 1~4, Warriors Orochi series (Japanese)
  • Nobunaga Shimazaki - Samurai Warriors 5 (Japanese)
  • Ryōtarō Okiayu - Kessen, Kessen III, CR Nobunaga no Yabou Tenka Sousei ~Nii no Jin~ (Japanese)
  • Hideo Ishikawa - Nobunaga no Yabou Online, CR Sengoku no Arashi ~Nobunaga no Shou~, Sengoku Pachislot Nobunaga no Yabou ~Tenka Sousei~
  • Nobutoshi Canna - Nobunaga's Ambition: Sphere of Influence (Japanese)
  • Tomokazu Sugita - Nobunaga's Ambition Taishi~Shisei, Shin Nobunaga no Yabou, Ikemen Sengoku◇Toki wo Kakeru Koi, Nobunaga no Yabou Shutsujin (Japanese)
  • Wataru Hatano - Nobunaga no Yabou Hadou
  • Kou Shibusawa - Nioh
  • Kazuhiko Inoue - Nioh 2
  • Rokurō Abe - Game Nihonshi Kakumeiji ~Oda Nobunaga~
  • Kazuya Nakai - Mōri Motonari: Chikai no Sanshi
  • Masaya Matsukaze - Geten no Hana
  • Umeka Shōji - Geten no Hana (as a child)
  • Kōji Ishii - Harukanaru Toki no Naka de 7
  • Masaki Terasoma - Touken Ranbu Warriors
  • Junichi Suwabe - Iza, Shutsujin! Koi Ikusa
  • Kisho Taniyama - Hana Oboro ~Sengoku-den Ranki~
  • Takaya Kuroda - Samurai Maiden
  • TBA - Nioh 2 (English-uncredited)

Image Songs

Live Action Performers


See also: Nobunaga Oda/Quotes
  • "Alea jacta est."
  • "...Is that so?"
  • "Why did you dogs resist me?"
  • "We must destroy... in order to create."
  • "It is futile to resist Deep Impact and me!"
  • "You're destined to die before your time, you know. But I think I'll do away with you even sooner than that."
"Ha ha ha ha ha..."
"Heh, you make me look sane, friend."
~~Kotarō and Nobunaga; Samurai Warriors 2
  • "What would you do with a bird that refused to sing?"
"I would simply wait until it does, my lord. What think you of my answer, Lord Nobunaga?"
"You are indeed a patient man."
"Then my lord, what would you do?"
"Kill it... Why would I do anything else?"
~~Nobunaga and Ieyasu; Samurai Warriors 2: Empires
  • "If only it would rain, and wash this all away..."
"That would merely be a sign that the heavens too desire your demise."
"The day will come when karma will find you, and you too will suffer a miserable death."
"I cannot wait."
~~Yoshimoto and Nobunaga; Samurai Warriors 2: Xtreme Legends
  • "So if someone disagrees with you, you kill them, is that it? What gives you the right to play God?!"
"What value is there in aimlessly clinging to life? To stop moving forward is to die."
~~Magoichi and Nobunaga; Samurai Warriors 3
  • "People are like hail. They fall above the trees around us, dancing as they scatter apart."
"Death is certain... If they were to avert their eyes from the truth, how then can people live?"
"That is what makes them human, that is what begins thoughts for endearment. Just as how enlightenment, foresight, and morality are the same as fleeting dreams."
~~Okuni and Nobunaga‎; Sengoku Musou 3: Empires
"What is it that you desire, Lu Bu?"
"Foolish question. All I desire is to destroy you from this dimension, and prove myself the strongest warriors!"
"Hahaha... So be it..."
~~Nobunaga and Lu Bu; Warriors Orochi: Battle of Koshi Castle (Samurai)
"My lord Nobunaga, let us work together to destroy this evil."
"It will be an honour to fight alongside you, my friend."
Liu Bei and Nobunaga; Warriors Orochi 2: Meet each other at Guandu
  • "There is not enough room in this world for both of our ambitions. Who will be the one to fall?"
"The victor will be whom the heavens desire."
~~Cao Cao and Nobunaga; Warriors Orochi 2: Battle of Fan Castle
  • "Endless darkness is spreading across your heart..."
"I sense such darkness flowing forth from you as well."
"Haha... I suppose we have that in common."
~~Nobunaga and Nemea; Warriors Orochi 3
  • "I hear a rumor that you have dubbed yourself the Demon King. Is that true? I could understand if you had called yourself a god, although I might be offended. But why call yourself the Demon King?"
"Because calling myself the Demon King moved the age forward. If it moves history forward, then I will do anything-- even call myself a god, if necessary."
"Hmm, I see... You wish to bring an end to the chaos in your time, and bring peace to your land. I wondered what kind of man would refer to himself as the Demon King, but now I see."
~~Zeus and Nobunaga; Warriors Orochi 4
  • "Ieyasu... I entrust my dream to you, my vision of an united land. My dream cannot die. It must not die..."
  • "Someday, the time will come when the west and east mix freely. I would lead that effort. I would cross to other countries. I would bring the riches of the world into Japan."
~~Kessen III
  • "Death awaits all men. Even so, this world I have created... These people... Shall live on."
~~Nobunaga's Ambition: Sphere of Influence
  • "... How soothing. The world of anarchy seems so distant here in this tea room."
"Then, I trust my question would not disturb my brother's peace?"
"You, asking me something? Don't see that everyday. I'm all ears."
"It's nothing much, just something I've always meant to ask you. About this "dream" you like to remind us about... It must be so hard on you to make a prosperous land a reality, isn't it?"
"What are you talking about."
"... You can say all you like before the retainers, but you can share your complaints before your own brother, can't you? I mean, Brother, you aren't God or the Demon King. You're a man, right? A mere man can't expect to end the eternal turmoil between his own kind, no matter how hard he tries."
"Nobuyuki... How unfortunate. Never knew you misunderstood me to this degree. Man I may be, I resolved long ago to be a demon king. There's nothing to fear. I need to only go onwards with my own faith, until this life of mine runs dry. Whether my dream is accomplished or not, only Heaven can know for certain."
"You finished with your questions?"
"Hmph. ...I'm leaving. I've heard all the nonsense I could take today. Sorry, Kikyou. You're stuck spending quality time with my foolish brother here."
~~Nobunaga and Nobuyuki; Geten no Hana
  • "Hideyoshi, raise your head."
"Sir! Permit me a humble request. I beseech you to grant upon me the same retribution for my strategists' crimes. A master must be held accountable for miscalculating the hearts of his followers."
"Hmph. Aren't you the trickster. Any master who can't read their subordinates' intentions doesn't deserve his command. You phrase that as if I hadn't noticed what you were up to."
"...Not at all. You saw through my act, didn't you?"
"Hmph. I never said I would tolerate the promotion of a general who lusts for ambition."
"So you believed in me?"
"What I believed was my own perception."
~~Nobunaga and Hideyoshi; Geten no Hana Yumeakari


See also: Nobunaga Oda/Movesets

Samurai Warriors 5

Keys: Square Normal Attack • Triangle Charge Attack Circle Musou X Jump/Mount

Nobunaga has two preferred weapons in this appearance: the odachi and the katana. Both young and matured versions of Nobunaga can use either weapon.

Unique Charge Attack (Odachi) (Square, Triangle): Nobunaga unleashes a wave of fire in front of him. The matured Nobunaga's flames are purple in color.
Unique Charge Attack (Odachi) Square, Square, Square, Square, Triangle:
Unique Charge Attack (Katana) Square, Square, Triangle:
Unique Charge Attack (Katana) Square, Square, Square, Square, Triangle, (Triangle, Triangle):
Unique Ultimate Skill:
Musou (Circle):
Frenzy Musou (Circle):


See also: Nobunaga Oda/Weapons

Samurai Warriors: Spirit of Sanada

Serpent Katana
Default Weapon - Nobunaga Oda (SW4).png Base Attack:
Demon Slayer
Rare Weapon - Nobunaga Oda (SW4).png Base Attack: 251 Lightning: 87 Death: 81
Ice: 79 Attack Up: 80 Indirect Attack: 82
Fury: 77 Underdog: 84 Verity: 82
Seventh Heaven
DLC Weapon - Nobunaga Oda (SW4).png Base Attack: 258 Ice: 90 Earth: 84
Death: 82 Attack Up: 83 Indirect Attack: 85
Courage: 82 Insight: 79 Clarity: 86

Rare Weapon Acquisition

  • Stage: Battle of Suruga-Sagami - Battle of Mimasetoge

Historical Information

Bronze statue of Nobunaga in Gifu Park.

Personal Info

Nobunaga was truly a rebel of his times who never seemed to fit the mold of his society. He cared little about what other daimyo thought of him and only made friends with people who amused him. However, his fickle nature with the people around him often distorted the truth behind his actions. For instance, an insert from the Nobunaga Kouki states that he tinted the three skulls of his enemies Azai Hisamasa, Azai Nagamasa, and Asakura Yoshikage with golden metal. Fictional accounts state that this was due to his bitterness towards these "meddlesome pests" and he drank from them as personalized mugs. In reality, he wanted to respect and honor their remains. Many accounts from his generals and enemies said that he was a cold and cruel revolutionist. He either personally killed or ordered the deaths of many people, sparing no one based on age, status, or gender. He also had an eccentric taste in humor as he gave many of his retainers and children endearing yet somewhat degrading nicknames, such as Monkey or Bald Rat for Hideyoshi.

He's perhaps best known for his friendly tolerance of foreign settlers, then known to the rest of the Japanese providence as "Southern barbarians". He participated in their events and dressed in a rider's mantle and European helmets. He befriended the missionary Luís Fróis, whose chronicles in his time in Japan were pinnacle for a third person account of Nobunaga. Through their friendship, Nobunaga marveled the advancement of European society and was pleased when he saw a globe to represent the world (a contrast to his retainers who thought the idea was pure nonsense). In his notes, Luis described Nobunaga as:

Vin1.jpg [A man who] has little hair on his mustache. He speaks in a shrill voice, always like a general, yet is very rude. He likes justice and benevolence, but abundantly respects honor to the point of arrogance. Rarely listens to his subordinates while making decisions but he is very skillful. People abnormally revere his presence. Doesn't drink liquor. Talks to me in a very humble tone and treats me respectfully but this is not always the case with other daimyo. He has a superior intellect and good judgment but he disregards gods and Buddha; he doesn't believe in fortune-telling. Though he participates in religious ceremonies, he declared that there is no world of immortality or a postmortem place for the soul. While talking with others, he dislikes indirect expressions. Vin2.jpg

Records indicate that Nobunaga even sent a folding screen painting of Azuchi Castle to Pope Gregory XIII but its whereabouts remain unknown.

His other interests include dancing, falconry, equestrianism, archery, and Go (the move "Nobunaga's cradle" is named after him). He particularly liked Bon festivals and sumo wrestling and hired some of his personal aides to also be adequate wrestlers. In modern conversions, he was approximately 165 cm (5'5") tall and weighed 60 kg (132 lbs). He had one wife, two concubines, twelve sons, ten daughters, and three adopted daughters. One of his surviving modern descendants is a professional figure skater.

Early Years

Nobunaga was born under the childhood name, Kippoushi, at Shobada Castle. His father was Oda Nobuhide and his mother was Toda Gozen, who is believed to be the one of Toda Tsuchida Masahisa's daughters. His clan is speculated to be descendants of either the Taira clan, the Fujiwara clan, or Saiko Kichinosuke but the details regarding these claims are sadly lacking. Early records suggest the second option since, at one point, Nobunaga curiously adopted the Fujiwara name. When Nobunaga was born, his father was serving the governor of Owari, Shiba Yoshimune, and defended their territory from Imagawa Yoshimoto.

When he was two years old, he was sent to Nagoya Castle and spent most of his youth there. He acted unruly for someone of his status and dressed himself in bright and outlandish clothing. He took an interest in matchlock rifles, played as a commoner with the townsfolk, and adopted the local slang, calling his parents "Dad" and "Mom". Since his conduct was considered bizarre and rude to the court, he was quickly nicknamed The Fool of Owari (尾張の大うつけ or たわけ). He entered battles at an early age by serving as his father's reserve guard. During this time, he met Imagawa Yoshimoto's hostage, Matsudaira Takechiyo (later known as Tokugawa Ieyasu).

In the year 1546, he experienced his coming of age ceremony at Furuwatari Castle and was named Oda Kazusanosuke Nobunaga (織田上総介信長). When he was thirteen, he was also called Saburo Nobunaga by his mother and other nobles in the court. He was married to Nōhime when he was fourteen to create an alliance between the Owari and Mino provinces. When his father died in 1551, Nobunaga became the head of the clan. However, he refused to attend his father's funeral, which caused an outright uproar among the Oda vassals. When he did pay his respects to his father's altar, he threw the ceremonial ashes in the same way a sumo wrestler throws salt to purify the ring. Hirate Masahide, a loyal servant who looked after his young lord's future, committed suicide to protest Nobunaga's disrespectful actions. The event was the first reported incident of Nobunaga showing regret for his behavior. Since then, he adopted better etiquette but he continued to be sarcastic and eccentric. In a meeting regarding the displeasure among his retainers, he reportedly only said "Is that so?" (であるか) to the complaints.

Due to several retainers conflicting opinions regarding Nobunaga, the Oda clan split in a civil conflict. He was challenged by his uncle, Oda Nobutomo, and his younger brother, Oda Nobuyuki. Nobutomo and Nobuyuki joined forces to conspire Nobunaga's downfall and manipulated Shiba Yoshimune to be their puppet ruler. Yoshimune secretly sympathized with Nobunaga and when Nobutomo learned of this, he was killed. His heir, Shiba Yoshikane, barely escaped Nobutomo's men while crossing a river and went to Nobunaga for safety.

To gain the power needed to overthrow the conspirators, Nobunaga allied with his other uncle, Oda Nobumitsu, who slew Nobutomo at Kiyosu Castle. Nobumitsu mysteriously died soon after in 1556 and many speculated that he was assassinated in some way by his nephew. In the same year, he also sent reinforcements to help Nōhime's father, Dosan, against his rebellious son. It was a lost battle and Mino's daimyo became Saito Yoshitatsu. With Yoshikane in his good fortune, Nobunaga also allied with Imagawa Yoshimoto since they were lords in the same province. This allowed some protection along the Oda's eastern boarders.

A few months later, Nobuyuki staged a rebellion with Oda vassals Shibata Katsuie, Hayashi Hidesada, and Hayashi Mochitomo. To counter, Nobunaga gained the support of Mori Yoshinari, Sakuma Nobumori, and Sakuma Morishige. On August 24 the same year, Nobunaga -in spite of facing overwhelming odds- defeated his brother at the Battle of Ino. Their mother intervened on the conspirators' behalf and they were pardoned. The next year, however, Nobuyuki again planned to rebel. When Nobunaga was informed of this by his new vassal Katsuie, he faked illness to get close to Nobuyuki and assassinated him in Kiyosu Castle.

Battle of Okehazama

In 1560, Yoshimoto gathered an army of 25,000 men and started his march toward Kyoto, with the excuse of aiding the frail Ashikaga shogunate. The Matsudaira clan of Mikawa Province was also to join Yoshimoto's forces. In comparison, the Oda clan could rally an army of only 1,800, and the forces would also have to be split up to defend various forts at the border. Under such dire circumstances, Nobunaga was said to have performed his favorite Atsumori dance, before riding off with only a few attendants to pray in a shrine.

The Oda clan's generals did not believe that they would win this impossible war. Only the night before, Katsuie had tried in vain to change Oda Nobunaga's mind about a frontal attack; he kept reminding Nobunaga of the joint army's complete lack of manpower compared to the Imagawa soldiers, who, according to rumors, numbered 40,000 men. Hayashi Sado no Kami Hidesada, the remaining adviser from Nobuhide's days, even argued for surrender without fighting, using the same reasoning as Katsuie. Upon this advice, according to the clan's chronicler, Nobunaga yelled:

Vin1.jpg Imagawa has 40,000 men marching toward this place? I don't believe that. He 'only' has 25,000 soldiers. Yes, that is still too many. So Sado, you want me to surrender. What if we do surrender? Will you be satisfied losing your life that way? What if we hold like Katsuie wants? What if we stay here in this castle, lock it up, and wait until the Imagawas lose their appetite, stop the siege, and go home? We would prolong our lives for 5 or 10 days, and what we cannot defend will stay as such. We are at the bottom of the pit, you know, and our fate is interesting. Of course the misery is great, too. But this is how I see it: it's the chance of a lifetime. I can't afford to miss it. Do you really want to spend your entire lives praying for longevity? We were born to die! Whoever is with me, come to the battlefield tomorrow morning. Whoever is not, stay where you are and watch me win it! Vin2.jpg

Nobunaga was right; Yoshimoto deliberately leaked the highly exaggerated number of his soldiers out to scare the Oda clan, and the official chronicler of the Imagawas put it down as was usual in medieval battle records to exaggerate numbers. While Yoshimoto's men were celebrating their early victories over the Oda troops, Nobunaga and his men charged down the mountainous terrain from Zenkoji. Aided by the heavy thunderstorm and the unprepared Imagawa troops, Nobunaga's ambush was a startling success. His victory dispelled most doubts about his capabilities and labeled him as a genuine threat to Owari's neighbors.

Rapidly weakening, the Imagawa clan no longer exerted control over the Matsudaira clan. In 1561, an alliance was forged between Oda Nobunaga and Matsudaira Motoyasu, despite the decades-old hostility between the two clans. Tradition dates this battle as the time that Nobunaga first noticed the talents of Kinoshita Tokichiro who would eventually become Toyotomi Hideyoshi.

Rise to Power

After Saito Yoshitatsu's death, Nobunaga set his sight on the weakened Saito clan ruling Mino. The current ruler of Mino was the comparatively incompetent Saito Tatsuoki. To simultaneously aid his territory's defense and add to his military strength, he issued an alliance with Azai Nagamasa and solidified their pact by marrying his sister, Oichi, to him. This allowed him to concentrate on crushing the Saito clan. Five years after their first conflict, Nobunaga took various castles within Mino and gained the trust of the influential Mino trio (Ittetsu Inaba, Ujiie Bokuzen, and Ando Morinari). He forced Tatsuoki to retreat to Nagashima, Mie in 1567 and completely subjugates the Mino clan in 1568. Tatsuoki survived until he was later killed by Nobunaga's men in 1570. To avoid military conflict with Mino's ally, Takeda Harunobu, the Oda and Takeda clan made a matrimonial alliance between Matsuhime (Harunobu's seven year old sixth daughter) and Oda Nobutada (Nobunaga's eleven year old eldest son).

At age 33, Nobunaga had successfully expanded his territory and designated Inabayama Castle to be his new base of operations. He renamed his new home to be Gifu and started to use the personal seal, Tenka Fubu (天下布武), to signify his new ambition. It is literally translated as "unite the land under military might" or "below the heavens (rain), warriors cover all". The idiom has been commonly believed to mean the entire land should be conquered through force. It isn't until recently (2010) that historians contested its meanings to draw more from its Chinese etymology –which would be closer to the expectations of the era. Tenka ("the land") is believed to represent the capital and its core surrounding provinces of political influence. Fubu ("military enforcement") references the seven idealistic morales expected from ruling warlords written in Chinese texts; a simplified summarization of these values is to established a harmonious government who rules and works for its people fairly. Tenka Fubu therefore means to work with the shogun in the hopes of achieving a solid means of unification.

To follow suite, he attacked Kitabatake Tomonori in the neighboring Ise sector in late 1568. By 1570, after a brave fifty day resistance, Kitabatake surrenders after his retainers betray him and he refuses to agree to the treaty requirements to make Nobunaga's second son, Nobuo, his heir. He becomes a monk and his daughter, Yukihime, became Nobuo's wife for any possible offspring.

In September 1568, Ashikaga Yoshiaki went to Gifu to ask Nobunaga to start a campaign toward Kyoto. Yoshiaki was the brother of the murdered thirteenth shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate, Yoshiteru, and wanted revenge against the killers who had already set up a puppet shogun, Ashikaga Yoshihide. Nobunaga agreed to install Yoshiaki as the new shogun and, grasping the opportunity to enter Kyoto, started his campaign. An obstacle in southern Ōmi Province, however, was the Rokkaku clan. Led by Rokkaku Yoshikata, the clan refused to recognize Yoshiaki as shogun and was ready to go to war. In response, Nobunaga launched a rapid attack, driving the Rokkaku clan out of their castles. Their decisive encounter was the Battle of Kannonji Castle, one of the early military accomplishments for Nobunaga's retainers: Kinoshita Tokichiro, Niwa Nagahide, and Takigawa Kazumasu. Shortly after, Nobunaga had reached Kyoto and driven the Miyoshi clan out of the city. Yoshiaki was made the 15th shogun of the Ashikaga shogunate.

Historians generally agree that Nobunaga had the entire Kansai region under his control by 1569.

Portrait from Hikami, Hyōgo.

First Anti-Nobunaga Sentiments

After he established Yoshiaki as the shogunate, Nobunaga presented him with his personally written laws called the Tenchu Onokite (殿中御掟). Nobunaga would oversee the shogun's every movement and had permission to call arms at any time. His laws tried to make capital punishments more practical and separated religion from government affairs. Aside from controlling the shogunate, it also recognized the common man's accomplishments over nobility and pressed for military rule. Since Yoshiaki owed his ally, he reluctantly passed nine of these articles and five more in January 1570. As he approved more laws, however, Yoshiaki began to plot Nobunaga's demise.

In April 1570, Nobunaga decided to conquer the Asakura clan and stake his claim on the Echizen Province. Against the advice of his vassals, he gathered an army with Tokugawa Ieyasu and took various Asakura castles. While Nobunaga's troops were marching through Kanegasaki, Azai Nagamasa joined forces with the Asakura and betrayed the Oda clan. Taken by surprise, Nobunaga was forced to retreat. Tokichiro, Ieyasu, Ikeda Katsumasa, and Akechi Mitsuhide served as the rear guard as he fled. It is said that out of his army of 30,000 only ten men safely arrived with him back to the capital.

By this time, other daimyo who disagreed with Nobunaga's methods began to rise at Yoshiaki's request. They were Azai Nagamasa, Asakura Yoshikage, Takeda Shingen, Mōri Terumoto, and the Miyoshi trio (Iwanari Tomomichi, Miyoshi Masayasu, Miyoshi Nagayasu). Additionally, the Buddhist monks at Ishiyama Hongan-ji, who were displeased with Nobunaga removing the omnyoji's influence in the court, also joined the circle. They were later dubbed the "Nobunaga Encirclement" or the "Anti-Nobunaga Coalition" (信長包囲網).

Determined to stop Nobunaga's forces, the Asakura and Azai clans moved to stop him at Anegawa. On August 9, the smaller Tokugawa army and the larger Oda army were victorious in driving them back. Only seventeen days later, Nobunaga also had to strengthen his defenses against the Miyoshi trio. His enemies were eventually reinforced by the Ishiyama sect who weren't allied with Yoshiaki. By September 23, his opponents called off the assault and the Noda and Fukushima Castles remained under Oda control.

Simultaneously, the Azai and Asakura armies rebounded from their defeat with 30,000 men and attacked the Oda troops near Sakamoto. Mori Yoshinari and Nobunaga's younger brother, Oda Nobuharu, were killed in battle. The two armies stationed themselves at Mount Hiei and Nobunaga moved to counter them at Usayama Castle. He once again drove them back by December 17. While he was fighting them, however, the Ishiyama sect rebelled under Kennyo's leadership and attacked the Nanashima (later known as Nagashima) forts. During their first siege, another of Nobunaga's younger brothers, Oda Nobuoki, was killed in battle. At a loss, Nobunaga asked Emperor Ōgimachi to call for a ceasefire with the Asakura and Azai clans. Under royal order, they obeyed. In Ōkubo Tadataka's book, Mikawa no Monogatari, Nobunaga reportedly said, "The heavens are waiting to devour the Asakura. Hope is not lost."

While defending his boarders from all sides, Nobunaga contemplated on a method to cripple the coalition against him and gain more allies in Kyoto. In January 1571, Hosokawa Fujitaka sent a letter stating that Mount Hiei must be taken within that year or the Azai forces would claim it. The mountain was an important strategic point in defending Nobunaga's second base, Kyoto, and also the home of Enryaku-ji, a highly respected temple and home for the rebellious warrior monks. After quelling the resistance surrounding the mountain, Nobunaga and Hideyoshi marched their armies upwards in September. As the 30,000 men came closer to the temple, Nobunaga was offered gold to bribe him to leave. The closer he marched, more gold he was offered. Nobunaga never accepted the peace offering; he was convinced that the people within the temple were corrupt and used their pious background to dodge government punishment. On the night of September 30, his army burned the temple and killed many women and children. The total fatality count is estimated to be 3,000~4,000 people; the numbers vary due to the amount of innocents involved. While it is seen as a controversial move by his vassals, the rest of the country thought it was a heinous act against tradition and humanity.

In May the same year, he also began his longest military campaign against the Ikko (Ishiyama) sect rebels. In Nagashima, Nobunaga lost many men near the location of their first battle and was forced to temporarily withdraw when he was injured by gunfire in June.

His ally, Ieyasu, held off Shingen's attacks and called for aid in 1572. Nobunaga sent 3,000 men and two of his retainers, Hirate Hirohide and Sakuma Nobumori. To his surprise, Shingen was victorious at the Battle of Mikatagahara and severely weakened Ieyasu. Shingen's following march towards the capital was halted when he suddenly died near Noda Castle. Seemingly aided by the heavens, accounts of Nobunaga's "demon" reputation usually originate during these years. He was specifically nicknamed the "Red Ogre" (赤鬼) after the Enryaku-ji massacre.

Coalition Collapse

Shingen's death threw Yoshiaki's allies into confusion and allowed Nobunaga to gain the momentum he needed. Yoshiaki, who was previously barricaded near Nijō and Makishima Castle, fled from the capital. Left with no immediate defenders against Nobunaga, the Muromachi shogunate was ruined and Yoshiaki was banished. In August 1573, Iwanari Tomomichi was subjugated by Fujitaka during the second battle at Yodo-ko Castle. In the same month, Nobunaga lead 30,000 men and conquered the Asakura's home, Ichijōdani Castle. Two months later, he also attacked Odani Castle, Nagamasa's home. During the siege, Nagamasa and his parents (Hisamasa and Ono-dono) were killed. Oichi was returned to Nobunaga before the castle fell completely.

In November the same year, Nobunaga marched towards Miyoshi Yoshitsugu's home in Kawachi Province. Yoshitsugu and Yoshiaki were raising a revolt and Sakuma Nobumori was sent to take care of it. Facing Nobunaga's might, many of Miyoshi's retainers mutinied and the clan was ruined by November 16. On December 26, the powerful Matsunaga Hisahide also surrendered to Nobunaga.

Nobunaga was able to destroy most of the resistance against him except for the Ikko sect. Since he hated prolonged battles, Nobunaga withdrew his troops in October to focus on the Miyoshi trio. One of his retainers, Hayashi Michimasa, died during this conflict. The siege of the Nagashima forts didn't end until 1574 when Nobunaga constructed a wooden barricade to trap the Ikko sect within their fort. The rebels appealed for surrender but Nobunaga wanted to annihilate them (legends state that he particularly hated the rebels' superior officer and considered the plea to be a ruse). Nobunaga ambushed the surrender party and, when they learned their men were killed, the remaining rebels also rioted. They attacked Nobunaga's family and killed two more of his younger brothers, Nobuhira and Hidenari. In response, Nobunaga decimated the rebels and their families, murdering 20,000 men and women. After this, the Nagashima riots were stopped.

Conquering Echizen

In April 1575, Takeda Katsuyori marched his army near Tokugawa's territory once more. Though his main goal was to finish off the Tokugawa clan, he also wanted to punish the "traitor" Okudaira Nobumasa. With an army of 15,000 men, Katsuyori took Nagashino Castle and marched closer on Okudaira's troops. They were reinforced by Nobunaga's 30,000 manned army on May 12. When Katsuyori withdrew his troops, Nobunaga joined forces with Ieyasu's troops from Mikawa. Six days later, the army of 38,000 marched towards Katsuyori's position and fought at Nagashino on May 21.

According to the Nobunaga Kouki, Nobunaga used 1,000 arquebusiers to stop the incoming Takeda cavalry. The Tokugawa records insist that 3,000 riflemen were used. Regardless of the number, Nobunaga's reliance on the firearm revolutionized the way how they were used in Japanese warfare. This claim is currently being questioned for its authenticity, as recent research suggests that the story of using rifle troops could have been an entirely fictional note added into records during the Edo period.

While Nobunaga was visiting the temple built for his beloved retainer, Maeba Yoshitsugu, internal strife began in Echizen. The proprietor of the riot was the same man responsible for Yoshitsugu's death, Tomita Nagashige. Hearing of the public unrest, Kennyo ordered one of his followers, Shimotsuma Raisho, to lead the Echizen riots. They declared Nobunaga to be an evil influence for the country and raised arms. Thinking this was his chance to finally gain Echizen, Nobunaga suppressed them in August. Just how Nobunaga defeated the rebels remains unclear. Nobunaga's recorder at the time, Murai Sadakatsu, wrote that it was an unsightly massacre. The Maeba family recorder states that they used non-violent methods to capture the men opposing them. Others write that the rebellion was failed from the start as the followers were not entirely united for their cause; they either surrendered or quit the field.

With a section of Echizen under his command, Nobunaga ordered Katsuie to keep an eye on it.

Second Anti-Nobunaga Sentiments

On November 4, Nobunaga was promoted from Dainagon to Konoe Daisho, the third most powerful position in the government at the time. Only fourteen days later, after he gave estate of Owari and Mino to his heir less Nobutada, he resigned from politics. However, Nobunaga continued to lead and foresaw all activities regarding his clan. In 1576, Nobunaga commissioned the building of Azuchi Castle. When it was completed in 1579, he declared it as his new place of operations and lived there.

During the same year that Azuchi Castle was being built, a chain of revolts against Nobunaga began. Since these generals gained Yoshiaki's support for their campaigns, the group is called the Second Nobunaga Encirclement. Figures included in the group are Hatano Hideharu, Yamana Suketoyo, Mōri Terumoto, Ukita Naoie, Murakami Yoshimitsu, Araki Murashige, Bessho Nagaharu, Matsunaga Hisahide, Uesugi Kenshin, and Takeda Katsuyori. The Saika sect and the Ikko sect at Ishiyama Hongan-ji are also major participants.

Nobunaga first raised arms against the rebellions in April 1576. With 30,000 men, Mitsuhide, Murashige, and Ban Naomasa met with him to defeat Hideharu and the Ikko sect at Osaka. However, he suffered a crushing defeat and many people -including high-ranking politicians- were killed during the conflict. Seeing the monks as his greatest threat, he aimed to defeat them after his loss. Marching with an army of 3,000, he planned to infiltrate and claim their base of operations, Tenno-ji, which was reinforced by the Saika sect. Despite facing the massive army of 15,000 rebels, Nobunaga chose to spearhead the attack on the early morning of May 7. Caught off guard, the rebels were defeated at the cost of suffering serious injuries and losses from the Oda army. He planned to starve the monks' resources, which worked until the Ikko sect's ally, the Mōri clan, arrived on July 13 from the shoreline. Nobunaga's men were forced to withdraw. The Ikko sect used this time to convince Kenshin and many other daimyo to aid their rebellion.

Seeing his own defenses lacking, Nobunaga ordered Mitsuhide, Murashige, Hideyoshi and other key generals to capture the nearby rivers and villages for resources in 1577. After they took Ise, they came closer to Kii Province, the homeland of the Saika sect. When they tried to march deeper within, they were ambushed by guerrilla tactics from the defending Saika snipers. Hideyoshi lost 23 men to the attack and quickly called for a retreat. Both sides shared an uneasy feeling of unrest and were not sure how to progress with the situation. Wanting to prevent a prolonged siege, the Saika formerly surrendered. Nobunaga agreed and withdrew his troops from the area. Around the same time, Katsuie razed the lands of Tedorigawa, which was located in the same province.

Matsunaga Hisahide, after joining with the remaining Miyoshi strongmen and receiving a promising reading of his future, betrayed Nobunaga the same year. By August, he had an army of 8,000, a fortified castle, and aid from the Ikko sect and the Uesugi. Though Nobunaga reportedly half regretted the decision, the Oda army journeyed toward Shigesan Castle in September. With Mitsuhide and Hideyoshi at the front, the defenses were withered by October and Hisahide committed suicide later the same month. When Naito Sadamasa died of illness at the same time, Nobunaga took advantage of the weakened Tamba Province and captured many of their castles.

Katsuie was ordered to deal with the Uesugi during their siege with Hisahide. Against Kenshin's tactics, his vassal suffered a crushing defeat at Tedorigawa. Before efforts to retaliate the Uesugi were made, however, Kenshin died of illness. The following civil dispute between Kenshin's living heirs saved Nobunaga from further attacks from Echizen. Again, he took advantage of the Uesugi strife to claim their lands, the Noto and Kaga Provinces, in 1578.

Oda Region Corps

Still dealing with the threat of multiple rebellions and wanting to expand his newly gained territories, Nobunaga decided to split his forces to deal with every conflict simultaneously. He planned to send each of his top-ranked generals in approximately ten different parts of the country.

  • Oda Nobutada - Takeda territory; vassals such as Kawajiri Hidetaka and Mori Nagayoshi faced Katsuyori
  • Sakuma Nobumori - Ishigami-Honganji district; ordered to suppress the Honganji rebels
  • Shibata Katsuie - Hokuriku region; faced Uesugi Kagekatsu with Maeda Toshiie and Sassa Narimasa
  • Akechi Mitsuhide - Kinki or Kansai prefecture; with help from Hosokawa Fujitaka, suppressed Hatano Hideharu's rebellion
  • Hashiba Hideyoshi - Chugoku region; sent to deal with Mōri Terumoto
  • Takigawa Kazumasu - Kanto sector
  • Oda Nobutaka, Niwa Nagahide, Hachiya Yoritaka - Shikoku territory
  • Tokugawa Ieyasu - ordered to suppress the Tokiado region
  • Oda Nobukatsu - ordered to suppress Iga
  • Oda Nobuharu - ordered to suppress the Kii province

Nobunaga gave them permission to rule each part of their respective land and promised to pay them greatly. If possible, he also wanted them to conquer the surrounding territory. The Oda army used the newly conquered provinces from Echizen to bolster their forces. His decision to wage constant warfare was met with mixed impressions with his men, causing his vassals, Bessho Nagaharu and Araki Murashige, to defect or revolt.

Hideyoshi captured Murashige during his early stages of rebellion but spared him supposedly due to their ties of friendship. When Nobunaga heard of his vassal's betrayal, he was shocked; his vassals were not. Nobunaga agreed to Mitsuhide's suggestion to hold Murashige's wife hostage and personally lead the siege against the defector in the years 1578 and 1579 at Arioka Castle. He lead an estimated 50,000 man army with Mitsuhide, Hideyoshi and Matsui Yūkan's forces. His adversary endured their assault with 10,000 soldiers. Despite their numbers, the Oda army fared badly due to secret sympathizers with Murashige, ambushes from the local monks, and other simultaneous conflicts. Their situation did not improve until Nakagawa Kiyohide and Dom Justo Takayama surrendered. Soon after, the castle was taken and Murashige fled. As punishment, the rest of his family was executed -excluding his wife and child whom escaped.

During this time, the Oda army was continuously routed due to the vastly superior Mori clan. Their army took advantage of the mutinies against Nobunaga and fought fierce naval campaigns. When Murashige was defeated, the tables had turned when the influential Ukita Naoie submitted to Nobunaga. Bessho Nagaharu was one of the main generals who continually opposed Hideyoshi's advance. When he heard that the Mori were weakened and was cut off from any support, he chose to commit suicide. On Nobunaga's behest, Hideyoshi also headed for Yamana Suketoyo, a man who surrendered to his lord but, after being neglected regarding his conditions of surrender, betrayed the clan in 1575. Though elderly by this time, he was considered to be a threat since he helped fund the resistance against Nobunaga. He was slain when Hideyoshi's troops surrounded his castle on May 21, 1580.

Nobukatsu, who was specifically ordered to only supervise his designated area for the time being, got infuriated by his stagnant occupation and decided to invade the Iga province in 1579. He aimed to repair the dilapidated Maruyama Castle and use it as his base of operations. News of his scheme quickly reached the Iga ninja and the shinobi, Shimoyama Kainokami, was sent to deal with the threat. Nobukatsu suffered a crushing defeat when his troops were ambushed by the ninja troop lead by Kainokami. Nobunaga was soon informed of the blunder and harshly scolded his son for the obtrusion. In 1581, Nobunaga gathered 40,000 volunteers to invade Iga and made Nobukatsu the army's leading commander. It is said that nearly every resident within Iga was ready to stake their lives to oppose the Oda army. This time, the Oda army was able to navigate the lands easier due to guidance from the Koga shinobi, Tarao Mitsutoshi, and two Iga ninja defectors. Gamō Ujisato also aided them and the Iga ninja were soon isolated in one castle. The events after this point remain disputed between four accounts. Nobunaga either decided to have a ceasefire, ordered the Iga ninja to be slaughtered, opted for their surrender and service, or the Iga ninja in the castle revolted a final time and were slain. In either case, Iga was subdued and was integrated under the Oda name.

Friction between Nobunaga and his vassals continued to build with his abrupt rulings. One such infamous instance was when he ordered Ieyasu's son (Matsudaira Nobuyasu) and wife (Tsukiyama-dono; also Nobuyasu's mother) to commit suicide due to loose rumors regarding treachery in 1579. When the Honganji rebels eventually surrendered in 1580, Nobunaga heard that their enemies were holding secret talks with ally generals. Based on this reasoning, he banished Hayashi Hidesada and Andō Morinari. Both incidents made the forces for and against Nobunaga hold passionate debates regarding his questionable judgment. Many stated that he was only using their misfortunes to fuel his own ulterior motives. In spite of whatever people thought about him, Nobunaga was at the height of his power in 1581. His properties nearly tripled since his campaigns in 1569. On February 28 the same year, he held a parade in Kyoto to celebrate his success. He designated Niwa Nagahide as the general who would demonstrate the strength of his army and invited Emperor Ōgimachi to attend.

Takeda Subjugation

Kiso Yoshimasa, a Takeda vassal who was angered and disgusted with Katsuyori's methods, decided to defect to the Oda clan on February 1, 1582. He took his younger brother, Akematsu Yoshitoyo, with him as a hostage. Understandably, Katsuyori was infuriated with the betrayal and instantly ordered Yoshimasa's wife, noble concubine, and child to be crucified. Thinking that the Oda resistance would be light, he marched with Takeda Nobutoyo to reek vengeance. His army numbered 15,000. Nobunaga heard of the instance two days later and marched with his son, Nobutada, from Ina Province. Joining him from four different directions were Ieyasu, Hōjō Ujimasa, and Kanamori Nagachika.

The Takeda troops were demoralized by the mass army formed against them and gradually suffered from various defections within the first month of conflict. Their castles fell one after another and were given to Nobunaga's generals. Nobunaga, after addressing the situation, did not take an active part during the campaign and designated himself on stand by. His son, however, won various stakes to fame when he captured Takato Castle, which was defended by Nishina Morinobu and Oyamada Masayuki. His accomplishments forced Katsuyori to flee from his position the following day. Reinforcing his army, Nobunaga rode from Azuchi Castle on March 5, 1582 to block the general's escape path. As a result, Katsuyori couldn't rendezvous with Sanada Masayuki in the manner he originally planned. The Oda army gave chase and set fire to any castle that Katsuyori escaped to.

Katsuyori fled to Temmokuzan about two or three days later with his son, Nobukatsu. When he was denied entry by his vassal Oyamada Nobushige, he and his son were embittered by defeat. They committed suicide soon after. When Takigawa Kazumasu went to inspect the area on March 11, his force was fiercely attacked by the remaining Takeda loyalists, which totaled to 100 or 300 men. Many of the Takeda's remaining generals were killed in the final charge. By this time, Nobunaga had returned to Azuchi Castle and received Katsuyori and his son's heads on March 14. Upon the Takeda's demise, he declared, "I shall pardon none who have submitted, as the roots and its offspring shall be exterminated as a whole." With this order, the "hunt for the Takeda" was quickly issued.

He assigned awards and territories to his vassals, personally going to inspect the Shinano Province in April. During this time, he ordered the death of Kaisen Shōki on accusations that the monk twisted the land's well being.

Color print illustrating Nobunaga being surprised at Honnoji. A soldier from the Akechi army is pointing the spear at him.

Incident at Honnoji

Nobunaga began his plans to invade the Shikoku region, obtained by Chōsokabe Motochika, for summer the same year. Oda Nobutaka, Niwa Nagahide, Hachiya Yoritaka were sent in advance to begin preparations for their campaign.

On April 4, Ieyasu visited Azuchi Castle to celebrate his victory during the Takeda subjugation. Nobunaga ordered Mitsuhide to entertain him on the 8th and 10th. His vassal continued to act as an entertainer for his guests until June 6, when Hideyoshi requested reinforcements. According to the Akechi Gunki (Mitsuhide's edited biography from the Edo Period), Nobunaga was gravely dissatisfied with Mitsuhide's performance by this time and gave him a rather harsh scolding and beating. He replaced the latter's position with his page, Mori Naritoshi, and ordered Mitsuhide to reinforce Hideyoshi.

Meanwhile, on June 19, Nobunaga prepared the troops that were scheduled to be sent to the Chūgoku region. After this, he paid a visit to Honnō-ji. Mitsuhide, who was supposed to be marching towards Hideyoshi, suddenly turned back to Kyoto. From here, the following events are generally split between two different stories. It is assumed that Nobunaga fought the invading troops with a spear and Naritoshi sacrificed his life for his lord's safety. He was overwhelmed, however, when the Akechi troops set fire to the temple. The other account prevalent with the Akechi troops was that Nobunaga saw the threat and, when hope was lost, set fire to the temple himself and stayed within the flames. He either committed suicide through the traditional method or voluntarily let the flames engulf him. He was either 48 or 49 when he died. Hideyoshi later dedicated a shrine to his lord at Daitoku-ji. On November 17, 1917, Nobunaga was given the posthumous rank of Shou-ichi, a distinguished and honorable rank to commend the daimyo's contributions for Japan.

Akechi Hidemitsu recorded that he tried searching for Nobunaga's remains but lamented that they weren't found. This has lead to some speculation regarding the daimyo's actual whereabouts during this time. Some say that he escaped the disaster and committed suicide in a completely different location. Others state that Nobunaga did die at the temple yet his remains were respectfully hidden and buried by a priest who admired him. Mitsuhide captured the pious man but released him when he couldn't find anything suspicious about him. Recently, in 2007, the area where the incident occurred was thoroughly investigated and scorched tiles and planks were found. With hopes to know the truth behind Nobunaga's final moments, the investigation around the area continues to this day.


  • The name Nobunaga means "trust, believe" (信) (nobu) and "long, chief, boss" (長) (naga).

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